KEY POINTS1. In three phases of American history, the law has been used to oppress people of African descent: the invention of racial slavery, the re-creation of slave-like conditions through legal Apartheid (also known as Jim Crow) and the re-creation of Jim Crow through the new American Apartheid. All of those phases have had a profound impact on people of African descent, but the actual nature of the effect is unknown because the United States fails to collect data on Descendants of Africans Enslaved in the United States (DAEUS).
- Parent Category: United States of America
- Category: DAEUS (Descendants of Africans Enslaved in the United States)
- Written by Prof. Vernellia Randall
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2. Descendants of Africans Enslaved in the United States (DAEUS) origins are only here in the United States and cannot be compared to African immigrants any other racial or ethnic group. In fact, many members of every ethnic group, (e.g. Irish, Chinese, Italians, Jews, Native Americans, Mexicans, Afro-Caribbeans, and immigrant Black Americans) has attempted to negotiate America's racial hierarchy. Their particular aim has been to distance themselves from the bottom (DAEUS) and assimilate into the melting pot of America. Many individuals from these groups implicitly accepted and perpetuated racial hierarchy, shoring up rather than dismantling white supremacy and racism.
3. The United States through its system of laws and enforcement of law permits and authorizes racial discrimination in every area of American life. The American Economic and political system based on anti-black racism has a disparate impact on all Blacks, and the impact on DAEUS specifically is unknown. Consequently, the United States violates article 2, 3, and 5 of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination.
4. Widespread anti-black racism and the development of a new structure of systemic and institutional oppression causes the current (2015) economic, social and political well-being of DAEUS to approximate the system of legal apartheid in the United States from 1870 to 1964.