Based on Richard T. Schaefer, Racial and Ethnic Groups 5 - 10 (1993).
What is a Minority Group
Characteristics of a Minority Group
- Distinguishing physical or cultural traits, e.g. skin color or language
- Unequal Treatment and Less Power over their lives
- Involuntary membership in the group (no personal choice)
- Awareness of subordination and strong sense of group solidarity
- High In-group Marriage
Types of Minority Groups
- Groups who are classified according to obvious physical characteristics, e.g. skin color
- US Racial Minority Groups: Blacks, American Indian, Asian Americans, Hawaiians
- Groups who are differentiated on the basis of culture such as language, food
- US Ethnic Minority Groups: Hispanics or Latinos such as Chicanos, Puerto Ricans, Cuban; Jews are also consider cultural minorities instead of religious minorities.
- Racial groups can also so have distinctive cultural traditions
- Note: Ethnic minority can be either black or white or Asian American or Native American. So that a person can be both Black and Hispanic
- Males are a social majority; women demonstrate four out of five characteristics of minority status. There are no in-group marriages
- Groups who have a religion other than the dominant faith.
US Religious minorities - Muslims, Amish, Mormons, Roman Catholics