Sunday, September 22, 2019

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Article Index

II. Chronology

1908.  Born on July 2 in Baltimore, Maryland to William Canfield Marshall and Norma Williams Marshall

1925.  Graduated from Douglas High School, Baltimore, Maryland.

1929.   Married Vivian Burey on September 5th (Died 1955).

1930.   Graduated cum laude from Lincoln University, Chester, Pennsylvania.

1933.   Graduated number one in class, magna cum laude, from Howard University Law School, Washington, D.C.

1933.    opened private practice in Baltimore.

1935.    Assisted with the successful arguments of Pearson v. Murray, 169 Md. 478, 182 A. 590 (integration of University of Maryland Law School).

1936.    Joined the national legal staff of the NAACP as Assistant Special Counsel.

1938.    Became Chief Legal Officer of the NAACP. Prepared the brief in Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, 305 U.S. 337 (desegration of the University of Missouri Law School).

1939.    Admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court.

1940.     Became Director and Counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund.

1944.     Argued Smith v. Allwright, 321 U.S. 649 (Texas white primaries which excluded blacks declared unconstitutional).

1946.     Argued Morgan v. Virginia, 328 U.S. 373 (invalidated segregated interstate bus travel).

              Received NAACP Spingarn Award.

1948.    Argued Shelly v. Kraemer, 334 U.S. 1 (struck down state court enforcement of racially motivated real estate covenants).

1950.    Argued Sweatt v. Painter, 339 U.S. 629 and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents, 339 U.S. 637 (racial integregation of Southern state universities).

1951.    Sent to Far East by President Truman to review treatment of black soldiers under General Douglas MacArthur.

1954.    Argued the case of Brown v. Board of Education, 357 U.S. 483 (overturned the ‘separate but equal‘ doctrine established in Plessy v. Ferguson).

1955.    Argued Lucy v. Adams, 350 U.S. 1 (first black student admitted to the University of Alabama).

1955.    Married Cecelia Suyat on December 17th. (Two sons).

1958.    Argued Cooper v. Aaron, 358 U.S. 1 (required immediate desegregation of public schools in Little Rock, Arkansas).

1960.    Took leave of absence from NAACP duties to attend Kenya Constitutional Conference in London and to help Kenya write its new constitution.

1961.     Argued Garner v. Louisiana, 368 U.S. 157 (defended constitutional rights of sit-in protestors). Selected by President John F. Kennedy to head the U.S. Delegation at the independence ceremonies of Sierra Leone, West Africa. Nominated to United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit by President John F. Kennedy.

1965.    Appointed Solicitor General of the United States by President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1966.    Successfully argued for the constitutionality of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in South Carolina v. Katzenbach, 383 U.S. 301.

1967.    Nominated Associate Justice of United Supreme Court by President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1991.    Announced retirement from the Supreme Court June 27th.

1993.    Died January 24th in Bethesda, Md.; buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

 

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Vernellia R. Randall
Founder and Editor
Professor Emerita of Law
The University of Dayton School of Law

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