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Illinois

20 ILCS 2715/1   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/1. Short title

§ 1.  Short title.  This Act may be cited as the Racial Profiling Prevention and Data Oversight Act.


20 ILCS 2715/10   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/10. Definitions


(a) "Oversight Board" means the Racial Profiling Prevention and Data Oversight Board established under this Act.

(b) "Department" means the Illinois Department of Transportation.

(c) "Traffic Stop Statistical Study Act" means Section 11-212 of the Illinois Vehicle Code.

20 ILCS 2715/15   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/15. Oversight Board


(a) There is created within the Department a Racial Profiling Prevention and Data Oversight Board, consisting of 15 members, which shall independently exercise its powers, duties, and responsibilities.  The Board shall have the authority to allow additional participation from various groups that the Board deems necessary for additional input.

(b) The membership of the Oversight Board shall consist of:

(1) 4 legislators appointed by the General Assembly leadership equally apportioned between the 2 houses and political parties;

(2) the Attorney General or his or her designee;

(3) the Secretary of the Illinois Department of Transportation or his or her designee;

(4) the Director of the Illinois State Police or his or her designee;

(5) 3 members of county or city law enforcement agencies, representing jurisdictions of varied size and geography, appointed by the Governor;

(6) 4 members of community organizations representing minority interests, appointed by the Governor;  and

(7) one member of the Illinois academic community with specific expertise in both statistical analysis and law enforcement, appointed by the Governor.

(c) All members shall serve 2 years and until their successors are appointed.  Members may be reappointed for an unlimited number of terms.  The Oversight Board shall meet at least quarterly.


20 ILCS 2715/20   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/20. Chairpersons


§ 20.  Chairpersons.  From the membership of the Board, the Governor shall designate the chair and vice chair, who shall serve at the discretion of the Governor.  Chairpersons shall serve in that capacity for a term not to exceed 2 years
20 ILCS 2715/25   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/25. Funding


§ 25.  Funding.  Funding to implement this Act shall be appropriated by the General Assembly to the Department.

20 ILCS 2715/30   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/30. Compensation


§ 30.  Compensation.  Members of the Oversight Board shall serve without compensation.  Members may be reimbursed by the Department for reasonable expenses incurred in connection with their duties.

20 ILCS 2715/35   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/35. Staffing


§ 35.  Staffing.  The Secretary of the Department shall employ or assign, in accordance with the provisions of the Illinois Personnel Code, the administrative, professional, clerical, and other personnel required and may organize his or her staff as may be appropriate to effectuate the purposes, powers, duties, and responsibilities contained in this Act.


20 ILCS 2715/40   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/40. Powers and Duties of the Oversight Board


(a) To operate purely as an advisory body.  Any changes to rules and policy promoted by the Oversight Board are only recommendations, which may be reported to the Governor, the Secretary of State, and the General Assembly or to appropriate law enforcement agencies.

(b) To coordinate the development, adoption, and implementation of plans and strategies to eliminate racial profiling in Illinois and to coordinate the development, adoption, and implementation of plans and strategies to create public awareness programs in minority communities, designed to educate individuals regarding racial profiling and their civil rights.

(c) To promulgate model policies for police agencies that are designed to protect individuals' civil rights related to police traffic enforcement and to recommend to law enforcement agencies model rules as may be necessary to effectuate training regarding data collection and mechanisms to engage those agencies who willfully fail to comply with the requirements of the Traffic Stop Statistical Study Act.

(d) To study and to issue reports and recommendations to the Governor, the Secretary of State, and the General Assembly regarding the following subjects by the following dates:

(1) no later than July 1, 2008, regarding strategies to improve the benchmark data available to identify the race, ethnicity, and geographical residence of the Illinois driving population, beginning on August 1, 2008, with the collection of race and ethnicity data on new and renewal applicants for driver's licenses.  This data shall be available for statistical benchmark comparison purposes only;

(2) no later than January 1, 2009, regarding data collection requirements with respect to additional race and ethnicity categories to be added to the traffic stop statistical study in order to improve data collection among unreported and under-reported minority populations.  The Board shall study, and recommend if required, at a minimum, data collection strategies, categories, and benchmarks for persons of Middle-Eastern origin.  The Board shall also study stops lasting over 30 minutes and define categorical reasons for the extended stops;

(3) no later than July 1, 2009, regarding technological solutions to aid in the identification, elimination, and prevention of racial profiling and to recommend funding sources for statewide implementation of the technological solutions;

(4) no later than January 1, 2010, regarding whether Illinois should continue the mandatory data collection required under this Act, as well as the best practices of data collection as related to the identification, elimination, and prevention of bias-based policing;  and

(5) on or before April 1 of each year, regarding the Oversight Board's activities during the previous fiscal year.

20 ILCS 2715/5   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/5. Legislative purpose


§ 5.  Legislative purpose.  The purpose of this Act is to identify and address bias-based policing through the monitoring, review, and improvement of the collection of racial profiling information collected under the Illinois Traffic Stop Statistical Study.  Through this data collection and review, a more accurate understanding of this problem can be obtained, thus allowing the concerns of the motoring public to be better addressed, resources such as specialized training to be provided, the honest efforts of Illinois' law enforcement professionals to be demonstrated, and the civil rights of all Illinois citizens to be protected.


20 ILCS 2715/99   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 20. EXECUTIVE BRANCH   DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION   ACT 2715. RACIAL PROFILING PREVENTION AND DATA OVERSIGHT ACT   2715/99. Effective date


§ 99.  Effective date.  This Act takes effect January 1, 2007, except that the Racial Profiling Prevention and Data Oversight Act takes effect January 1, 2008.
625 ILCS 5/11-212   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 625. VEHICLES   ACT 5. ILLINOIS VEHICLE CODE   CHAPTER 11. RULES OF THE ROAD   ARTICLE II. OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS   5/11-212. Traffic stop statistical study


(a) Whenever a State or local law enforcement officer issues a uniform traffic citation or warning citation for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code, [FN1] he or she shall record at least the following:

(1) the name, address, gender, and the officer's subjective determination of the race of the person stopped; the person's race shall be selected from the following list: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or White;

(2) the alleged traffic violation that led to the stop of the motorist;

(3) the make and year of the vehicle stopped;

(4) the date and time of the stop, beginning when the vehicle was stopped and ending when the driver is free to leave or taken into physical custody;

(5) the location of the traffic stop;

(5.5) whether or not a consent search contemporaneous to the stop was requested of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether consent was given or denied;

(6) whether or not a search contemporaneous to the stop was conducted of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether it was with consent or by other means;

(6.5) whether or not contraband was found during a search; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband seized; and

(7) the name and badge number of the issuing officer.

(b) Whenever a State or local law enforcement officer stops a motorist for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code and does not issue a uniform traffic citation or warning citation for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code, he or she shall complete a uniform stop card, which includes field contact cards, or any other existing form currently used by law enforcement containing information required pursuant to this Act, that records at least the following:

(1) the name, address, gender, and the officer's subjective determination of the race of the person stopped; the person's race shall be selected from the following list: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or White;

(2) the reason that led to the stop of the motorist;

(3) the make and year of the vehicle stopped;

(4) the date and time of the stop, beginning when the vehicle was stopped and ending when the driver is free to leave or taken into physical custody;

(5) the location of the traffic stop;

(5.5) whether or not a consent search contemporaneous to the stop was requested of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether consent was given or denied;

(6) whether or not a search contemporaneous to the stop was conducted of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether it was with consent or by other means;

(6.5) whether or not contraband was found during a search; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband seized; and


(7) the name and badge number of the issuing officer.

(c) The Illinois Department of Transportation shall provide a standardized law enforcement data compilation form on its website.

(d) Every law enforcement agency shall, by March 1 with regard to data collected during July through December of the previous calendar year and by August 1 with regard to data collected during January through June of the current calendar year, compile the data described in subsections (a) and (b) on the standardized law enforcement data compilation form provided by the Illinois Department of Transportation and transmit the data to the Department.

(e) The Illinois Department of Transportation shall analyze the data provided by law enforcement agencies required by this Section and submit a report of the previous year's findings to the Governor, the General Assembly, the Racial Profiling Prevention and Data Oversight Board, and each law enforcement agency no later than July 1 of each year. The Illinois Department of Transportation may contract with an outside entity for the analysis of the data provided. In analyzing the data collected under this Section, the analyzing entity shall scrutinize the data for evidence of statistically significant aberrations. The following list, which is illustrative, and not exclusive, contains examples of areas in which statistically significant aberrations may be found:

(1) The percentage of minority drivers or passengers being stopped in a given area is substantially higher than the proportion of the overall population in or traveling through the area that the minority constitutes.

(2) A substantial number of false stops including stops not resulting in the issuance of a traffic ticket or the making of an arrest.

(3) A disparity between the proportion of citations issued to minorities and proportion of minorities in the population.

(4) A disparity among the officers of the same law enforcement agency with regard to the number of minority drivers or passengers being stopped in a given area.

(5) A disparity between the frequency of searches performed on minority drivers and the frequency of searches performed on non-minority drivers.

(f) Any law enforcement officer identification information or driver identification information that is compiled by any law enforcement agency or the Illinois Department of Transportation pursuant to this Act for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this Section shall be confidential and exempt from public inspection and copying, as provided under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act, [FN2] and the information shall not be transmitted to anyone except as needed to comply with this Section. This Section shall not exempt those materials that, prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, were available under the Freedom of Information Act. [FN3] This subsection (f) shall not preclude law enforcement agencies from reviewing data to perform internal reviews.

(g) Funding to implement this Section shall come from federal highway safety funds available to Illinois, as directed by the Governor.

(h) The Illinois Department of Transportation, in consultation with law enforcement agencies, officials, and organizations, including Illinois chiefs of police, the Department of State Police, the Illinois Sheriffs Association, and the Chicago Police Department, and community groups and other experts, shall undertake a study to determine the best use of technology to collect, compile, and analyze the traffic stop statistical study data required by this Section. The Department shall report its findings and recommendations to the Governor and the General Assembly by March 1, 2004.

(h-5) For purposes of this Section:

(1) "American Indian or Alaska Native" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America, including Central America, and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.

(2) "Asian" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including, but not limited to, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.

(3) "Black or African American" means a person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. Terms such as "Haitian" or "Negro" can be used in addition to "Black or African American".

(4) "Hispanic or Latino" means a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.

(5) "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.

(6) "White" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.

(i) This Section is repealed on July 1, 2015.

 

625 ILCS 5/11-212   WEST'S SMITH-HURD ILLINOIS COMPILED STATUTES ANNOTATED   CHAPTER 625. VEHICLES   ACT 5. ILLINOIS VEHICLE CODE   CHAPTER 11. RULES OF THE ROAD   ARTICLE II. OBEDIENCE TO AND EFFECT OF TRAFFIC LAWS   5/11-212. Traffic stop statistical study


(a) Whenever a State or local law enforcement officer issues a uniform traffic citation or warning citation for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code, [FN1] he or she shall record at least the following:

(1) the name, address, gender, and the officer's subjective determination of the race of the person stopped; the person's race shall be selected from the following list: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or White;

(2) the alleged traffic violation that led to the stop of the motorist;

(3) the make and year of the vehicle stopped;

(4) the date and time of the stop, beginning when the vehicle was stopped and ending when the driver is free to leave or taken into physical custody;

(5) the location of the traffic stop;

(5.5) whether or not a consent search contemporaneous to the stop was requested of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether consent was given or denied;

(6) whether or not a search contemporaneous to the stop was conducted of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether it was with consent or by other means;

(6.2) whether or not a police dog performed a sniff of the vehicle; and, if so, whether or not the dog alerted to the presence of contraband; and, if so, whether or not an officer searched the vehicle; and, if so, whether or not contraband was discovered; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband;

(6.5) whether or not contraband was found during a search; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband seized; and

(7) the name and badge number of the issuing officer.

(b) Whenever a State or local law enforcement officer stops a motorist for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code and does not issue a uniform traffic citation or warning citation for an alleged violation of the Illinois Vehicle Code, he or she shall complete a uniform stop card, which includes field contact cards, or any other existing form currently used by law enforcement containing information required pursuant to this Act, that records at least the following:

(1) the name, address, gender, and the officer's subjective determination of the race of the person stopped; the person's race shall be selected from the following list: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Hispanic or Latino, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or White;

(2) the reason that led to the stop of the motorist;

(3) the make and year of the vehicle stopped;

(4) the date and time of the stop, beginning when the vehicle was stopped and ending when the driver is free to leave or taken into physical custody;

(5) the location of the traffic stop;

(5.5) whether or not a consent search contemporaneous to the stop was requested of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether consent was given or denied;

(6) whether or not a search contemporaneous to the stop was conducted of the vehicle, driver, passenger, or passengers; and, if so, whether it was with consent or by other means;

(6.2) whether or not a police dog performed a sniff of the vehicle; and, if so, whether or not the dog alerted to the presence of contraband; and, if so, whether or not an officer searched the vehicle; and, if so, whether or not contraband was discovered; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband;

(6.5) whether or not contraband was found during a search; and, if so, the type and amount of contraband seized; and

(7) the name and badge number of the issuing officer.

(c) The Illinois Department of Transportation shall provide a standardized law enforcement data compilation form on its website.

(d) Every law enforcement agency shall, by March 1 with regard to data collected during July through December of the previous calendar year and by August 1 with regard to data collected during January through June of the current calendar year, compile the data described in subsections (a) and (b) on the standardized law enforcement data compilation form provided by the Illinois Department of Transportation and transmit the data to the Department.

(e) The Illinois Department of Transportation shall analyze the data provided by law enforcement agencies required by this Section and submit a report of the previous year's findings to the Governor, the General Assembly, the Racial Profiling Prevention and Data Oversight Board, and each law enforcement agency no later than July 1 of each year. The Illinois Department of Transportation may contract with an outside entity for the analysis of the data provided. In analyzing the data collected under this Section, the analyzing entity shall scrutinize the data for evidence of statistically significant aberrations. The following list, which is illustrative, and not exclusive, contains examples of areas in which statistically significant aberrations may be found:

(1) The percentage of minority drivers or passengers being stopped in a given area is substantially higher than the proportion of the overall population in or traveling through the area that the minority constitutes.

(2) A substantial number of false stops including stops not resulting in the issuance of a traffic ticket or the making of an arrest.

(3) A disparity between the proportion of citations issued to minorities and proportion of minorities in the population.

(4) A disparity among the officers of the same law enforcement agency with regard to the number of minority drivers or passengers being stopped in a given area.

(5) A disparity between the frequency of searches performed on minority drivers and the frequency of searches performed on non-minority drivers.

(f) Any law enforcement officer identification information or driver identification information that is compiled by any law enforcement agency or the Illinois Department of Transportation pursuant to this Act for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of this Section shall be confidential and exempt from public inspection and copying, as provided under Section 7 of the Freedom of Information Act, [FN2] and the information shall not be transmitted to anyone except as needed to comply with this Section. This Section shall not exempt those materials that, prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of the 93rd General Assembly, were available under the Freedom of Information Act. [FN3] This subsection (f) shall not preclude law enforcement agencies from reviewing data to perform internal reviews.

(g) Funding to implement this Section shall come from federal highway safety funds available to Illinois, as directed by the Governor.

(h) The Illinois Department of Transportation, in consultation with law enforcement agencies, officials, and organizations, including Illinois chiefs of police, the Department of State Police, the Illinois Sheriffs Association, and the Chicago Police Department, and community groups and other experts, shall undertake a study to determine the best use of technology to collect, compile, and analyze the traffic stop statistical study data required by this Section. The Department shall report its findings and recommendations to the Governor and the General Assembly by March 1, 2004.

(h-5) For purposes of this Section:

(1) "American Indian or Alaska Native" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America, including Central America, and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.

(2) "Asian" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent, including, but not limited to, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.

(3) "Black or African American" means a person having origins in any of the black racial groups of Africa. Terms such as "Haitian" or "Negro" can be used in addition to "Black or African American".

(4) "Hispanic or Latino" means a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.

(5) "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.

(6) "White" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.

(i) This Section is repealed on July 1, 2015.

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Vernellia R. Randall
Founder and Editor
Professor Emerita of Law
The University of Dayton School of Law

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