IV. Alternatives to Punitive Sanctions

Despite the troubling patterns of the school-to-prison pipeline, programs throughout the nation are seeking to make juvenile courts a last resort for young people.   This Part explores some of those alternatives to harsh disciplinary policies and punitive dispositions. It examines positive approaches to behavior within schools, programs for diverting students away from the juvenile justice system, community-based alternatives to detention, and ways of focusing judicial discretion on rehabilitation. Schools and juvenile justice systems should use a combination of these approaches and others like them to keep students in their communities and out of detention.