Monday, May 20, 2019

    An Internet Survey as of  March, 2002 n=389

Race is a social construction, consequently so is whiteness. Nevertheless, our opinion about who is color and who is white can impact how we relate to each other. 

We make judgments not only about who is white BUT also about what countries are white (or predominantly white). When a person who is not considered white is a citizen of a country that is considered white that person and their family are often seen as perpetual foreigners. For instance, even though many Japanese Americans have been in this country much longer than many European American families - they never the less are seen as outsiders.  For relevant articles see, Racial Prerequisite Cases or White by Law.

 

Summary of Results

There was 389 respondents to the survey. Of the respondents, 57.5% were less than 26 years old;  45.9% were European American;  56.1% were female; and, 91.6% were from the United States.  Respondents were from every state with the highest percentage from California (10.7%).

Kenyans (92%) received the highest percentage of respondents who said Kenyans were not white and British (6.7%) received the lowest percentage.  

Similarly, British (90.3%) received the highest percentage of respondents who said that British were white and Nigerians (2.6%) received the lowest percentage. 

Interestingly, there was not a high degree of uncertainty or ambiguity, the highest percentage of respondents who marked unsure was with Congolese (23.8%) and the lowest percentage was with Japanese and Dutch (2.6%respectively).  

   
Alphabetical Listing
  No Unsure Yes

Albanian

33.7

15.9

50.4

Algerians

71.5

14.8

13.7

American Indian

87.0

3.4

9.6

Arabs

84.5

6.2

9.3

Belgians

16.2

7.8

76.0

British

6.7

3.1

90.3

Canadian

9.3

10.3

80.4

Chileans

73.8

10.6

15.6

Congolese

71.2

23.8

5.0

Cubans

82.2

8.8

9.0

Czechoslovak

20.8

7.2

72.0

Dutch

8.4

2.6

89.0

Egyptians

81.6

5.4

13.0

German

8.0

1.8

90.2

Iranians

78.1

7.4

14.5

  No Unsure Yes

Israelis

58.5

8.0

33.4

Italians

31.8

4.1

64.1

Japanese

89.0

2.6

8.5

Kenyans

92.0

4.9

3.1

Latvian

35.3

20.8

43.9

Moroccans

78.4

12.9

8.7

Nigerians

90.8

6.6

2.6

Polish

10.8

3.1

86.1

Puerto Rican

85.6

7.5

7.0

Romanian

23.7

9.4

66.9

Russian

14.0

3.1

82.9

Spaniards

53.8

6.2

40.0

Swedes

9.0

3.3

87.7

Ukranians

21.5

8.3

70.2

Vietnamese

89.9

3.6

6.4

 

Percent who marked "No about Whiteness

Kenyans

92.0

Nigerians

90.8

Vietnamese

89.9

Japanese

89.0

American Indian

87.0

Puerto Rican

85.6

Arabs

84.5

Cubans

82.2

Egyptians

81.6

Moroccans

78.4

Iranians

78.1

Chileans

73.8

Algerians

71.5

Congolese

71.2

Israelis

58.5

Spaniards

53.8

Latvian

35.3

Albanian

33.7

Italians

31.8

Romanian

23.7

Ukranians

21.5

Czechoslovak

20.8

Belgians

16.2

Russian

14.0

Polish

10.8

Canadian

9.3

Swedes

9.0

Dutch

8.4

German

8.0

British

6.7

 

Percent who marked "Unsure" about Whiteness

Congolese

23.8

Latvian

20.8

Albanian

15.9

Algerians

14.8

Moroccans

12.9

Chileans

10.6

Canadian

10.3

Romanian

9.4

Cubans

8.8

Ukranians

8.3

Israelis

8.0

Belgians

7.8

Puerto Rican

7.5

Iranians

7.4

Czechoslovak

7.2

Nigerians

6.6

Arabs

6.2

Spaniards

6.2

Egyptians

5.4

Kenyans

4.9

Italians

4.1

Vietnamese

3.6

American Indian

3.4

Swedes

3.3

British

3.1

Polish

3.1

Russian

3.1

Dutch

2.6

Japanese

2.6

 

Percent who  marked "Yes" about whiteness

British

90.3

German

90.2

Dutch

89.0

Swedes

87.7

Polish

86.1

Russian

82.9

Canadian

80.4

Belgians

76.0

Czechoslovak

72.0

Ukranians

70.2

Romanian

66.9

Italians

64.1

Albanian

50.4

Latvian

43.9

Spaniards

40.0

Israelis

33.4

Chileans

15.6

Iranians

14.5

Algerians

13.7

Egyptians

13.0

American Indian

9.6

Arabs

9.3

Cubans

9.0

Moroccans

8.7

Japanese

8.5

Puerto Rican

7.0

Vietnamese

6.4

Congolese

5.0

Kenyans

3.1

Nigerians

2.6

 

      Age

Under 15

7.1

15 - 20

34.4

21 - 25

16.4

26 - 30

10.8

31 - 34

4.8

35 - 40

7.1

41 - 45

4.8

46 - 50

5.0

51 - 55

6.3

56 - 60

1.6

61 - 65

.3

older than 65

1.3

Ethnic/Racial Identity

African/Black American

24.2

American Indian/ Native American

3.3

Asian Pacific American

3.0

Biracial American

5.4

European/ White American

45.9

Hispanic/Latino(a) American

7.6

International/Non-American

2.4

Other

8.2

Gender

Female

56.1

Male

43.9

Country

n=356  United States

 
n=11 Canada n=5 United Kingdom
n=2 Albania China n=1 Algeria Argentina Brazil Chile Gabon Germany Iceland Norway Poland Samoa Taiwan Turkey Uganda

States

 

Frequency

Alabama

7

Alaska

2

Arizona

6

Arkansas

2

California

42

Colorado

5

Connecticut

1

Delaware

3

Florida

6

Georgia

13

Idaho

3

Illinois

18

Indiana

11

Kansas

1

Kentucky

1

Louisiana

4

Maine

1

Maryland

11

Massachusetts

2

Michigan

13

Minnesota

2

Missouri

6

Nebraska

1

Nevada

2

New Hampshire

2

New Jersey

9

New Mexico

1

New York

18

North Carolina

4

North Dakota

3

Ohio

21

Oklahoma

3

Oregon

3

Pennsylvania

14

South Carolina

6

South Dakota

1

Tennessee

1

Texas

7

Utah

2

Vermont

1

Virginia

10

Washington

16

West Virginia

1

Wisconsin

6

 

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