In February 2011, an anti-government demonstration in Benghazi began the chain of events that led to the Libyan Revolution or Civil War. On February 26, the United Nations Security Council passed a resolution freezing the assets of the Libyan leader, Colonel Gaddafi. On June 27, 2011, the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued an arrest warrant against Ghaddafi, his son, Saif al-Islam, and a top military intelligence chief for crimes against humanity in connection with violence against the anti-government protestors. The Court ruled that there were reasonable grounds to believe that the suspects had committed the crimes alleged and that their arrest appeared necessary to prevent the continuation of crimes against the Libyan population. On November 22, the case against Colonel Gaddafi was terminated following his capture and death on October 20.
The National Transitional Council (NTC), an interim governing body created by the opposition, was officially recognized by the United Nations as the legal representative of Libya in September. The NTC issued a Constitutional declaration in which it set up a roadmap for the country's transition to a constitutional democracy with an elected government.