The State Population  and Excess Whiteness

EW OverviewWhether public or private, schools have some responsibility for educating their residents. A school that is training more White students than are in the state population is failing to meet the diverse needs of its people. Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia are treated as States, Puerto Rico (2%) had the lowest percentage of non-Hispanic White students. Maine and Vermont (93%) had the highest percentage of non-Hispanic White students. The average non-Hispanic White students were 67% and half the states had less than 71% non-Hispanic White students.

In this calculation, 139 schools (69.5%) had more non-Hispanic Whites in their first-year class than in the state population. Of the 139 law schools with Excess Whiteness, the minimum number of points was 1. The maximum number of Excess Whiteness was 32. The average number of Excess Whiteness points was 12. Half the schools had more than 12 Excess Whiteness points. 


State of Law School Percent of State Population White State of Law School Percent of State Population White
Alabama 65 Montana 86
Arizona 54 Nebraska 78
Arkansas 72 Nevada 48
California 37 New Hampshire 90
Colorado 68 New Jersey 55
Connecticut 66 New Mexico 37
Delaware 62 New York 56
District of Columbia 38 North Carolina 63
Florida 53 North Dakota 84
Georgia 52 Ohio 79
Hawaii 22 Oklahoma 65
Idaho 82 Oregon 75
Illinois 61 Pennsylvania 76
Indiana 79 Puerto Rico 2
Iowa 85 Rhode Island 72
Kansas 76 South Carolina 64
Kentucky 84 South Dakota 82
Louisiana 58 Tennessee 74
Maine 93 Texas 41
Maryland 50 Utah 78
Massachusetts 71 Vermont 93
Michigan 75 Virginia 61
Minnesota 79 Washington 68
Mississippi 56 West Virginia 92
Missouri 79 Wisconsin 81
Wyoming 84







  • Historically White Law Schools. Historically White law schools (9) had a higher mean Excess Whiteness than non-historically white law schools (3). The difference was not statistically significant (p=.06)
  • Public vs. PrivatePrivate law schools had higher Excess Whiteness scores (9) than public law schools (8). However, the difference was not statistically significant (p=.731).

  • Tier. Second-tier law schools had the most Excess Whiteness (11), and fourth tiers had the least (5). The difference was statistically significant (p=.01).

  • StatesThere was a difference in mean among states. The District of Columbia had the highest mean excess Whiteness (23). The states of Idaho, Maine, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin had a mean Excess Whiteness of 0. The difference among states was statistically significant (p=.000).

  • Regions. The Great Lakes, Midwest, New England, and Northwest had the lowest mean Excess Whiteness (3 points). The Far West had the highest (15) (p=.000).



Charts and Tables





 EW Population 02



The State Population and Excess Whiteness Database


This database includes all 200 schools. It can be sorted by columns and searched.  Click on a row for additional information.

Legend: TWLS The Whitest Law School; EW Excess Whiteness; TW Total Whiteness; FY First Year;  LSAC Law School Admission Council; Pop Population.