Friday, September 20, 2019


Criminal Justice and Racism


Criminal Justice, Generally

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Pretrial, Bail, etc

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Death Penalty

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Juvenile Justice

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Prision Industrial Complex and Mass Incarceration

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War on Drugs

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Trial and Sentencing

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Title Author Hits
The Reasonable Black Child: Race, Adolescence, and the Fourth Amendment, Kristin Henning Hits: 426
America, Please Don’t Feed the Prison Monster David A. Love Hits: 5146
Biased and Broken Bodies of Proof: White Heteropatriarchy, the Grand Jury Process, and Performance on Unarmed Black Flesh Blanche Bong Cook Hits: 1817
Black and Poor: The Grave Consequences of Utah V. Strieff Chanae L. Wood Hits: 595
Race and False Convictions Samuel R. Gross Hits: 1743
The Police-Created Exigency Doctrine and “Reasonableness” Standard Grant T. Herrin Hits: 8653
Who Locked Us Up? Examining the Social Meaning of Black Punitiveness Darren Lenard Hutchinson, Hits: 462
The Everyday Economic Violence of Black Life Renee C. Hatcher Hits: 1577
The Phantom Defense: the Unavailability of the Entrapment Defense in New York City “Plain View” Marijuana Arrests Ari Rosmarin Hits: 6914
"Curing" Own Race Bias: What Cognitive Science and the Henderson Case Teach about Improving Jurors' Ability to Identify Race-tainted Eyewitness Error Andrew E. Taslitz Hits: 6163
"Like Wolves in Sheep's Clothing": Combating Racial Bias in Washington State's Criminal Justice System Krista L. Nelson and Jacob J. Stender Hits: 6763
"Sounding Black": Court-sanctioned Racial Stereotyping Lis Wiehl Hits: 17604
“Hands Up, Don't Shoot”: The Use of Deadly Force by Police Against Racial Minorities in the United States Isabella Nascimento Hits: 80
15 Dead in Ohio: Cincinnati's Black and Blue Tim Wise Hits: 6569
2011 Annual Criminal Procedure Review: Selected Issues Georgetown Law Journal Hits: 40611
A Consideration of Mitigatory Criminal Defenses and Racism-related Mental Illness Camille A. Nelson Hits: 27046
A Legacy of Lynchings: Perceived Black Criminal Threat Among Whites Daniel P. Mears, Patricia Y. Warren, Ashley N. Arnio, Eric A. Stewart and Miltonette O. Craig Hits: 169
A New Frontier in Criminal Justice Reform Kami Chavis Hits: 132
A Snitch in Time: An Historical Sketch of Black Informing During Slavery Andrea L. Dennis Hits: 8179
Almost Gone: The Vanishing Fourth Amendment's Allowance of Stingray Surveillance in a Post-carpenter Age Harvey Gee Hits: 101
An Uneasy Dance with Data: Racial Bias in Criminal Law Joseph J. Avery Hits: 113
Asian and African American and the Criminal Justice System Sheila A. Bedi Hits: 10228
Batson for Judges, Police Officers & Teachers: Lessons in Democracy from the Jury Box, Stacy L. Hawkins Hits: 561
Benign Neglect of Racism in the Criminal Justice System (Book Review) Angela J. Davis Hits: 69
Bias in Blue: Instructing Jurors to Consider the Testimony of Police Officer Witnesses with Caution Vida B. Johnson Hits: 1534
Bias In, Bias Out: Race, Algorithmic Bias and Criminal Justice Sandra G. Mayson Hits: 155
Blue Lives Have Always Mattered: The Usurping of Hate Crime Laws for an Unintended and Unnecessary Purpose Lisa M. Olson Hits: 835
Booker Rules: The Fix for the Mandatory Guidelines System Amy Baron-Evans and Kate Stith Hits: 6544
Breaking Blue: Challenging Police Officer Credibility at Motions to Suppress Jennifer Sellitti Hits: 996
Can criminal laws improve existing black markets? David Michael Jaros Hits: 22783
Casual Ostracism: Jury Exclusion on the Basis of Criminal Convictions Anna Roberts Hits: 5120
Character in Criminal Justice Proceedings: Rethinking its Role in Rules Governing Evidence, Punishment, Prosecutors, and Parole Deborah L. Rhode Hits: 95
Children of the American Prison Generation: Student and School Spillover Effects of Incarcerating Mothers John Hagan and Holly Foster Hits: 10150
Coming and Going: Racial Disparity in the Punishment and Profit of Marijuana Rick Jones Hits: 861
Construction of Race and Crime in America Anthony Scott Washington Hits: 11473
Contemporary Police Brutality and Misconduct: A Continuation of the Legacy of Racial Violence Hits: 8838
Court Holds A Person Can Be Too Smart to be a Police Officer United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit Hits: 551
Created Equal Report: Racial and Ethnic in the Criminal Justice System Christopher Bartney and Linh Vuong Hits: 6333
Creating the Trauma-to-Prison Pipeline: How the U.S. Justice System Criminalizes Structural and Interpersonal Trauma Experienced by Girls of Color DeAnna Baumle Hits: 723
Criminal Law's Tribalism Molly Townes O'Brien Hits: 6374
Criminal Records, Race and Redemption Michael Pinard Hits: 5239
Criminal Selectivity in the United States: A History Plagued by Class & Race Bias Valeria Vegh Weis Hits: 690
Defending White Space Addie C. Rolnick Hits: 217
Disentangling Disparity: Exploring Racially Disparate Effect and Treatment in Capital Charging Sherod Thaxton Hits: 793
DNA, Racial Disparities, and Biases in Criminal Justice Jennifer K. Wagner Hits: 1394
Do I Look like I Have an Attitude? How Stereotypes of Black Women on Television Adversely Impact Black Female Defendants Through the Implicit Bias of Jurors Fanta Freeman Hits: 307
Fairness and Equality in the Criminal Justice System: Internal Policies Kathleen Jennings Hits: 1608
Federal Civil Rights Lawsuits and Civil Gideon: a Solutionto Disproportionate Police Force? Hits: 13861
Federal Felon-in-Possession Gun Laws and Black Communities Emma Luttrell Shreefter Hits: 1135
Flowers v. Mississippi (June 2019) Supreme Court of the United States Hits: 230
From Fear to Rage: Black Rage as a Natural Progression from and Functional Equivalent of Battered Woman Syndrome Tosha Yvette Foster Hits: 92
From Proving Pretext to Proving Discrimination: The Real Lesson of Miller-el and Snyder Joshua C. Polster Hits: 10243
From Stop and Frisk to Shoot and Kill: Terry V. Ohio's Pathway to Police Violence Devon W. Carbado Hits: 1067
Give Me Liberty or Give Me... Alternatives? Ending Cash Bail and its Impact on Pretrial Incarceration Muhammad B. Sardar Hits: 137
Give Us Free: Addressing Racial Disparities in Bail Determinations Cynthia E. Jones Hits: 5629
Implicit Racial Bias Can Operate in Every Phase of Prosecutorial Discretion Robert J. Smith and Justin D. Levinson Hits: 22601
Implicitly Unjust: How Defenders Can Affect Systemic Racist Assumptions Jonathan A. Rapping Hits: 439
Implicitly Unjust: How Defenders Can Affect Systemic Racist Assumptions, Criminal Justice in the 21st Century: Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparity in the Criminal Justice System Jonathan A. Rapping Hits: 24426
Is Sympathy Towards Minorities a Race-neutral Reason under Batson V. Kentucky Thomas Galan Hits: 8720
It's Broke So Let's Fix It: Using a Quasi-inquisitorial Approach to Limit the Impact of Bias in the American Criminal Justice System Raneta Lawson Mack Hits: 98
Judicial Toleration of Racial Bias William E. Martin and Peter N. Thompson Hits: 23218
Legal Implications of Cognitive Bias in Police Decision-making L. Song Richardson Hits: 8270
Legal Punishment as Civil Ritual: Making Cultural Sense of Harsh Punishment SpearIt Hits: 20896
Looking Criminal and the Presumption of Dangerousness: Afrocentric Facial Features, Skin Tone, and Criminal Justice Mark W. Bennett and Victoria C. Plaut Hits: 842
Mean Women and Misplaced Priorities: Incarcerated Women Sarah Wynn Hits: 21710
Nigga Theory: Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity in the Substantive Criminal Law Jody Armour Hits: 2504
OJ Simpson and Justice in America Edward Blakemore Hits: 5450
Police Dogs and Race Ann L. Schiavone Hits: 79
Police Efficiency and the Fourth Amendment L. Song Richardson Hits: 8633
Policing Black Residents as Nuisances: Why Selective Nuisance Law Enforcement Violates the Fair Housing Act Rachel Smith Hits: 476
Policing the Prosecutor: Race, the Fourth Amendment, and the Prosecution of Criminal Case Renée McDonald Hutchins Hits: 1404
Policing, Race, and Place Bennett Capers Hits: 5790
Post-racialism and Searches Incident to Arrest Frank Rudy Cooper Hits: 4997
Preliminary Report on Race and Washingtons Criminal Justice System Research Working Group and Task Force on Race and the Criminal Justice System Hits: 20239
Prisoners of Fate: The Challenges of Creating Change for Children of Incarcerated Parents Amy B. Cyphert Hits: 716
Prosecutorial Crimes and Corruption: The (White) Elephant in the Courtroom Jamala Rogers Hits: 1950
Prosecutors as the Most Powerful Actor in the Criminal Justice System Angela J. Davis Hits: 17215
Race and Ambivalent Criminal Procedure Remedies Brooks Holland Hits: 7266
Race and Social Justice as a Budget Filter: The Solution to Racial Bias in the State Legislature? Sahar Fathi Hits: 5733
Race and the Elements of the Federal RICO Hits: 14138
Race, Identification and Memory of Criminal Events Nancy Franklin and Michael Greenstein Hits: 4982
Race, Paternalism, and the Right to Counsel Kristin Henning Hits: 390
Race, Reputation and the Supreme Court Fran Lisa Buntman Hits: 6635
Racial Disparity in Iowa's Criminal Justice System 150 Years after Clark Alfredo Parrish Hits: 272
Racism in the Criminal Justice System: An Infographic Hits: 7405
Racism in the Insanity Defense Hava B. Villaverde Hits: 67
Reimagining Prosecution: A Growing Progressive Movement Angela J. Davis Hits: 219
Senate Bill 756 - First Step Act of 2018 - Criminal Justice Reform TBA Hits: 3652
Shadow Citizens: Felony Disenfranchisement and the Criminalization of Debt Ann Cammett Hits: 5885
Silence and the Racial Dimension of Megan's Law Daniel Filler Hits: 5866
Smoke but No Fire: When Innocent People Are Wrongly Convicted of Crimes That Never Happened Jessica S. Henry Hits: 933
Solutions to the Discriminatory Bail System Lydia D. Johnson Hits: 8342
State Efforts to Reduce Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice:Empirical Analysis and Recommendations for Action Jesse J. Norris Hits: 8723
Stop Terry: Reasonable Suspicion, Race, and a Proposal to Limit Terry Stop Rene McDonald Hutchins Hits: 8119
Systemic Triage: Implicit Racial Bias in the Criminal Courtroom L. Song Richardson Hits: 432
Terry V. Ohio: its Failure, Immoral Progeny, and Racial Profiling Russell L. Jones Hits: 956
The “White” to Bear Arms: How Immunity Provisions in Stand Your Ground Statutes Lead to an Unequal Application of the Law for Black Gun Owners Victoria Bell Hits: 159
The Constructed Identities of Asian and African Americans: A Story of Two Races and the Criminal Justice System Sheila A. Bedi Hits: 37
The Crime of Color Paul Finkelman Hits: 1037
The Evidence of Things Not Seen : Non-matches as Evidence of Innocence James S. Liebman Hits: 4842
The Hate Crimes Prevention Act: Political Symbol or Prosecutorial Tool? Michael F. Pabian Hits: 6537
The High Crime Factor Has a Disparate Impact on African Americans Reshaad Shiraz Hits: 6669
The Intractable Problem: Implicit Juror Bias Anna Roberts Hits: 16944
“The Killer Behind the Badge”: Race and Police Homicide in New Orleans, 1925-1945 Jeffrey S. Adler Hits: 13954
The Lack of Accountability for the New York Police Department's Investigative Stops Dasha Kabakova Hits: 26061
The Legacy of Slavery, Cognitive Shortcuts, and Biased News: The Mass Media's Vilification of Black Males and the Resulting "Reasonableness" of Excessive Force by Law Enforcement Janyl Relling Smith Hits: 109
The Myth of the Good Cop and the Law Robin K. Magee Hits: 10917
The Paradox of “Progressive Prosecution" Harvard Law Review Hits: 736
Traffic Stop Federalism: Protecting North Carolina Black Drivers from the United States Supreme Court Anthony J. Ghiotto Hits: 169
Trapped in the Shackles of America's Criminal Justice System Shristi Devu Hits: 486
True Colors: Crime, Race and Colorblindness Revisited Itay Ravid Hits: 174
Viewing Access to Justice for Rural Mainers of Color Through a Prosecution Lens Maybell Romero Hits: 225
Warrantless Searches and Seizures (2016) Georgetown Law Journal Annual Review of Criminal Procedure Hits: 2472
Why are Cross-Racial Eyewitness IDs Especially Unreliable? John P. Rutledge Hits: 8888
Race, Poverty, and Bail: An Annotated Bibliography Clanitra Stewart Nejd Hits: 786
What the #Metoo Campaign Teaches about Stop and Frisk Josephine Ross Hits: 569
A Look at the Inappropriateness of Life Without Parole as an Alternative to the Death Penalty Ashley Nellis Hits: 14793
Constitutional Reform and the Abolition of the Mandatory Death Penalty in Kenya: An International Comparison Andrew Novak Hits: 49817
Death in Prison: the Right Death Penalty Compromise Russell D. Covey Hits: 9431
Death Penalty Statistics Hits: 6424
Death Penalty Statistics - II Hits: 8307
Death Penalty: Blind but Not Colorblind Hits: 7701
Devaluing Death: an Empirical Study of Implicit Racial Bias on Jury-eligible Citizens in Six Death Penalty States Justin D. Levinson, Robert J. Smith, and Danielle M. Young Hits: 279
Empathy Leads to Death: Why Empathy Is an Adversary of Capital Defendants Erik Aucoin Hits: 433
Institutionalizing Bias: The Death Penalty, Federal Drug Prosecutions, and Mechanisms of Disparate Punishment Mona Lynch Hits: 318
Race and Death Sentences in Texas Deon Brock, Nigel Cohen, Jonathan Sorensen Hits: 5991
Race and the Death Penalty: McCleskey v Kemp Chaka M. Patterson Hits: 9297
Statistics and Death: The Conspicuous Role of Race Bias in the Administration of the Death Penalty Ruth E. Friedman Hits: 7723
The Defunding of the Post Conviction Defense Organizations as a Denial of the Right to Counsel Roscoe C. Howard, Jr. Hits: 70
The Struggle Against the Death Penalty Moves Forward in Washington State: Reflections on State V. Gregory Neil M. Fox Hits: 67
The Youngest of the Young: Fourteen-year-olds Sentenced to Die Sheri Lynn Johnson, John H. Blume and Hannah L. Freedman Hits: 5741
Valuing Procedure over Substance: Racial Bias in the Capital Jury Room Grace Manning Hits: 155
What Can Brown Do for You?: Addressing Mccleskey V. Kemp as a Flawed Standard for Measuring the Constitutionally Significant Risk of Race Bias Mario L. Barnes and Erwin Chemerinsky Hits: 1213
Why the Injection of Race in Saldano v. State Constitutes Fundamental Error Diana L. Hoermann Hits: 7979
Race, Juvenile Justice, and Mental Health: New Dimensions in Measuring Pervasive Bias W. John Thomas, Dorothy E. Stubbe and Geraldine Pearson Hits: 265
A Broken Shield: A Plea for Formality in the Juvenile Justice System Robin Walker Sterling Hits: 5642
Cognitive Warfare and Young Black Males in America Perry L. Moriearty and William Carson Hits: 26175
Criminalization of Children: The Pipeline Patrick S. Metze Hits: 7873
Criminalizing Normal Adolescent Behavior in Communities of Color: The Role of Prosecutors in Juvenile Justice Reform Kristin Henning Hits: 5400
Disposable Children in Black Faces: The Violence Initiative as Inner-city Containment Policy Alfreda A. Sellers-Diamond Hits: 583
Disproportionate Representation of Minority Youth in the Juvenile Justice System: a Lack ofClarity and Too Much Disparity among States “addressing” the Issue Elizabeth N. Jones Hits: 10448
No MANDATORY Life Without Parole for Juvenile (Miller v Alabama) Supreme Court of the United States Hits: 2668
Suspicionless Searches of Students' Belongings: a Legal, Empirical, and Normative Analysis Jason P. Nance Hits: 9522
The “Reasonable Black Child”--Youth, Race, and the Fourth Amendment Laura Cohen Hits: 359
The Child as Other: Race and Differential Treatment in the Juvenile Justice System Kenneth B. Nunn Hits: 6659
The Color of Justice for Children Ernestine S. Gray Hits: 467
The Conflict of Juvenile Shaming Punishments Alicia N. Harden Hits: 17729
When They Need Us Most: The Unaddressed Crisis of Mentally Ill African American Children in the Juvenile Justice System Jennifer M. Keys, Hits: 150
Why Ross V. Blake Opens a Door to Federal Courts for Incarcerated Adolescents Nicola A. Cohen Hits: 492
Black Lives Matter and Respectability Politics in Local News Accounts of Officer-involved Civilian Deaths Osagie K. Obasogie and Zachary Newman Hits: 2470
Reforming the Law on Police Use of Deadly Force: De-escalation, Preseizure Conduct, and Imperfect Self-defense Cynthia Lee Hits: 785
We Are Always Already Imprisoned: Hyper-incarceration and Black Male Identity Performance Frank Rudy Cooper Hits: 5754
“A Few Bad Apples”: How the Narrative of Isolated Misconduct Distorts Civil Rights Doctrine Chiraag Bains Hits: 626
“Body Cameras Won't Bring Justice”: Why Pennsylvania's Chapter 67a Does Not Promise Police Accountability Peter Hyndman Hits: 194
A Culture of Silence: Exploring the Impact of the Historically Contentious Relationship Between African-Americans and the Police Mikah K. Thompson Hits: 1907
A Genealogy of Programmatic Stop and Frisk: The Discourse-to-Practice-Circuit Frank Rudy Cooper Hits: 461
A Proposed Act: the Stop Police Violence & Criminal Justice Reform Act Maurice R. Dyson Hits: 1507
Accountability in Policing: How Complicity Perpetuates Institutional Injustice and Inequities in the United States and South Africa Aditi Juneja Hits: 513
Afrofuturism, Critical Race Theory, and Policing in the Year 2044 I. Bennett Capers Hits: 285
Are Police Obsolete? Breaking Cycles of Violence Through Abolition Democracy V. Noah Gimbel and Craig Muhammad Hits: 158
Are We Nearing the End of Impunity for Taking Black Lives? Margalynne J. Armstrong Hits: 188
Behavioral Realism, Implicit Bias, and the Reasonable Police Officer: Moving Beyond Good Cop/Bad Cop Megan Quattlebaum Hits: 743
Black Lives Matter Review: Jill Leovy, Ghettoside: A True Story of Murder in America (2015) Samuel H. Pillsbury Hits: 394
Black People Against Police Torture: The Importance of Building a People-Centered Human Rights Movement Vickie Casanova Willis and Standish E. Willis Hits: 4638
Black, White, and Blue: Bias, Profiling, and Policing in the Age of Black Lives Matter Bridgette Baldwin Hits: 512
Book Review: The Black Police: Policing Our Own Locking up Our Own: Crime and Punishment in Black America Devon W. Carbado and L. Song Richardson, Hits: 744
Challenging Racist Predictive Policing Algorithms under the Equal Protection Clause Renata M. O'Donnell Hits: 114
Dignity Restoration and the Chicago Police Torture Reparations Ordinance Andrew S. Baer Hits: 678
Dismantling Structural Inequality: Lock Ups, Systemic Chokeholds, and Race-based Policing Cedric Merlin Powell and Laura McNea Hits: 401
Flagrant Police Abuse: Why Black Lives (Also) Matter to the Fourth Amendment Joelle Anne Moreno Hits: 2040
From Black Power to Hip Hop: Discussing Race, Policing, and the Fourth Amendment Through the “War On” Paradigm Donald F. Tibbs Hits: 327764
In the Shadows of the War on Terror: Persistent Police Brutality and Abuse of People of Color in the United States Andrea J. Ritchie and Joey L. Mogul Hits: 297
KKK in the PD: White Supremacist Police and What to Do About It Vida B. Johnson Hits: 368
Law Enforcement “Bills of Rights” Enable Police Violence and Prevent Accountability Nick Place Hits: 2357
Lawless Cops, Latino Injustice, and Revictimization by the Justice System Lupe S. Salinas Hits: 199
Legal Consciousness as Race Consciousness: Expansion of the Fourth Amendment Seizure Analysis Through Objective Knowledge of Police Impunity Lindsey Webb Hits: 889
Mapping the Blank: Centering Black Women's Vulnerability to Police Sexual Violence to Upend Mainstream Police Reform Jasmine Sankofa Hits: 485
Nearsighted and Colorblind: The Perspective Problems of Police Deadly Force Cases Jelani Jefferson Exum Hits: 1275
Not-So-Great Expectations: Implicit Racial Bias in the Supreme Court's Consent to Search Doctrine Diana R. Donahoe Hits: 738
Of Law and Blacklives, 50 Years Later: Race and Policing in the Aftermath of the Moynihan Report Donald F. Tibbs Hits: 181
Officer or Overseer?: Why Police Desegregation Fails as an Adequate Solution to Racist, Oppressive, and Violent Policing in Black Communities Liyah Kaprice Brown Hits: 9374
Open Letter to Tamir Rice Osagyefo Sekou Hits: 5822
Our Uneasiness with Police Unions: Power and Voice for the Powerful? Marcia L. McCormick Hits: 137
Police Reform as Preventative Medicine: Reframing Police-community Violence as a Public Health Law Issue Justin K. Reichman Hits: 293
Police Violence, Use of Force Policies, and Public Health Osagie K. Obasogie and Zachary Newman Hits: 584
Policing the Boundaries of Whiteness: The Tragedy of Being “Out of Place” from Emmett Till to Trayvon Martin Angela Onwuachi-Willig Hits: 761
Policing the Police: Could Mandatory Professional Liability Insurance for Officers Provide a New Accountability Model? Deborah Ramirez, Marcus Wraight, Lauren Kilmister and Carly Perkins Hits: 134
Policing, and Lethal Force: Remedying Shooter Bias with Martial Arts Training Cynthia Lee, Hits: 330
Political Activism: Chicago Politicians' Silence When Black Lives Matter Alison Hill Hits: 1022
Predatory Policing Devon W. Carbado Hits: 2002
Pretext and Justification: Republicanism, Policing, and Race Ekow N. Yankah Hits: 226
Probable Cause Affidavit - George Zimmerman State iof Florida vs George Zimmerman Hits: 10868
Race, Policing, and Technology (Abstract) I. Bennett Capers Hits: 1359
Racial Character Evidence in Police Killing Cases Jasmine B. Gonzales Rose Hits: 643
Reaction To: of Law and Black Lives, 50 Years Later: Race and Policing in the Aftermath of the Moynihan Report Jasmine Adams Hits: 1137
Reasonably Radical: Terry's Attack on Race-based Policing Eric J. Miller Hits: 447
Redefining Standards of Excessive Force: Implications for Policy and Practice Mawia Khogal Hits: 292
Reducing the Impact of Racial Discrimination in Policing Brittain McClurg Hits: 230
Reforming Policing André Douglas Pond Cummings Hits: 607
Refusing to Be Governed: Urban Policing, Gang Violence, and The Politics of Evilness in an Afro-Colombian Shantytown Jaime Amparo Alves Hits: 198
Reopening Ferguson and Rethinking Civil Rights Prosecutions Paul Savoy Hits: 1504
Requiem for Laquan Mcdonald: Policing as Punishment and Abolishing Reasonable Suspicion Donald F. Tibbs and Tryon P. Woods Hits: 1687
Resisting Arrest and Racism - the Crime of "Disrespect" C. Scott Holmes Hits: 2303
Stop, Frisk, and Assault? Racial Disparities in Police Use of Force During Investigatory Stops Rory Kramer and Brianna Remster Hits: 879
Systems Failures in Policing Joanna C. Schwartz Hits: 319
The American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man: Using a Human Rights Framework to Deconstruct Systemic Police Misconduct Against Low-income Women of Color Neda Saghafi Hits: 652
The Duty to Charge in Police Use of Excessive Force Cases Rebecca Roiphe Hits: 1538
The End of Intuition-based High-crime Areas Ben Grunwald and Jeffrey Fagan Hits: 172
The Futile Fourth Amendment: Understanding Police Excessive Force Doctrine Through an Empirical Assessment of Graham V. Connor Osagie K. Obasogie and Zachary Newman Hits: 588
The Klan's Constitution Jared A. Goldstein Hits: 638
The Logic of Data Bias and its Impact on Place-based Predictive Policing P. Jeffrey Brantingham Hits: 635
The People's Welfare, Police Powers, and the Rights of Free People of African Descent01 Kate Masur Hits: 1606
The Struggle for Reparations in the Burge Torture Cases Joey L. Mogul Hits: 7832
The Truth About the Murder of Chinedu Okobi Ebele Okobi Hits: 2414
Traces of the Slave Patrol: Notes on Breed-Specific Legislation P. Khalil Saucier Hits: 706
What Exposes African Americans to Police Violence? Devon W. Carbado and Patrick Rock Hits: 172
2018 Police Killings of Unarmed Persons (Summary) Vernellia Randall Hits: 649
2018 Presumption of Guilt Bryan Stevenson Hits: 2404
Anthony Marcell Green (33 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 499
Antwon Rose (17 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 538
Arther Mcafee Jr. (61 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 571
Cameron Hall (27 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 546
Chinedu Valentine Okobi (37 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 501
Claudia Gonzalez (20 Year Old Hispanic Female) Vernellia Randall Hits: 549
Cynthia Fields (60 Year Old Black Female) Vernellia Randall Hits: 524
Darell Richards (19 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 492
Geraldine Townsend (72 Year Old Black Female) Vernellia Randall Hits: 496
James Benny Hobbs (59 Year Old White Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 535
James M. Burks (35 Year Old White Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 498
Jonathan Duane Atchley (37 Year Old White Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 489
Juan Markee Jones (25 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 578
Marcus David L Peters (24 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 552
Melyda Marciela Corado (27 Year Old Hispanic Female) Vernellia Randall Hits: 525
Michael Renfroe (36 Year Old White Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 508
Nikolai Yakunin (42 Year Old White Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 499
Rashaun Washington (37 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 510
Richard Rivera (47 Year Old Hispanic Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 501
Ricky Leon Rusche (40 Year Old White Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 606
Robert Lawrence White (41 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 558
Ronnell Foster (33 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 609
Shermichael Ezeff (31 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 586
Stephon Clark (23 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 552
Tyler Miller (51 Year Old White Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 530
Ulises Valladares (47 Year Old Hispanic Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 596
Cops Killing Kids Has Got to Stop! Dave Lindorff Hits: 615
MichaelAngelo and Makiah Jackson (6/3 Year Old Black) (2015) Vernellia Randall Hits: 573
Aiyana Stanley-Jones (7 Year Old Black Female) (2010) Vernellia Randall Hits: 602
Andre Green (15 Year old, Black Male, 2015) Vernellia Randall Hits: 653
Anthony Jacob Weber (16 Year Old Black Male, 2018) Vernellia Randall Hits: 576
Antwon Rose (17 Year Old Black Male, 2018) Vernellia Randall Hits: 602
Archer Amorosi (16 Year Old White Male 2018, Vernellia Randall Hits: 678
Cameron Tillman (14 Year Old Black Male) (2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 538
Carey Smith-Viramontes (18 Year Old Hispanic Male) (2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 678
Charles Smith Jr. (17 Year Old Black Male) (2018) Vernellia Randall Hits: 608
Ciara Meyer (12 Year Old, White Female, 2016) Vernellia Randall Hits: 664
Jeffrey Holden Jr (18 Year Old White Male)(2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 612
Jeremy Mardis (6 Year Old White Male) (2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 586
Jesse James Romero (14 Year Old Hispanic Male, 2016) Vernellia Randall Hits: 628
John Albers ( 17 Year Old White Male) (2018) Vernellia Randall Hits: 606
Jordan Edwards (15 year old Black Male) (2017) Vernellia Randall Hits: 597
Jorevis Sruggs (15 Year Old Black Male, 2016) Vernellia Randall Hits: 621
Jorge Tapia (15 Year Old Hispanic Male)(2015) Vernellia Randall Hits: 646
Kameron Prescott (6 Year Old Hispanic Male)(2017) Vernellia Randall Hits: 603
Kemonte Cobbs (15 Year Old, Black Male)(2017) Vernellia Randall Hits: 643
Laquan McDonald (17 Year Old Black Male) (2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 526
Logan Simpson (16 Years Old White Male) (2018) Vernellia Randall Hits: 623
Michael Brown (18 Year Old Black Male) (2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 565
Qusean Whitten (18 Year Old Black Male) (2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 603
Shane Whitehead (16 Year Old Black Male) (2015) Vernellia Randall Hits: 585
Tamir Rice (12 Year Old Black Male) (2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 561
Tyre King (13 Year Old Black Male) Vernellia Randall Hits: 640
VonDerrit Myers Jr (18 Year Old Black Male) (2014) Vernellia Randall Hits: 583
“He's a Black Male . . . Something Is Wrong with Him!” The Role of Race in the Stand Your Ground Debate D. Marvin Jones Hits: 47551
Black legal experts weigh in on Zimmerman case Starla Muhammad Hits: 6366
Florida's Stand Your Ground Florida Stand Your Ground Hits: 4849
Stand Your Ground and Racial Minorities P. Luevonda Ross Hits: 20341
The Black & White of Stand Your Ground Top Criminal Justice Degrees Hits: 12884
The Killing of Jordan Davis (The Daily Show) The Daily Show Hits: 4126
The Worldwide Popular Revolt Against Proportionality in Self-defense Renee Lettow Lerner Hits: 5411
A Framework for Understanding Racial Bias in Policing Jillian K. Swencionis and Phillip Atiba Goffa Hits: 1290
Racial Profiling, September 11th and the Media: a Critical Race Theory Analysis Leonard Baynes Hits: 27846
Floyd v. City of New York (Stop and Frisk) Floyd v. City of New York Hits: 5238
H. R. 3618 To Eliminate Racial Profiling Rep. Conyers, Rep. Brown Hits: 17764
State Statutes on Racial Profiling Hits: 47378
(e)Racing the Fourth Amendment Devon W. Carbado Hits: 8496
Annotated Bibliography - Racial Profiling Student (Spring 2012) Hits: 25114
Eliminating Racial Profiling - The French Approach? Eric Manch Hits: 15485
Ending Racial Profiling of African-Americans in the Selective Enforcement of Laws: in Search ofViable Remedies Floyd Weatherspoon Hits: 20326
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Vernellia R. Randall
Founder and Editor
Professor Emerita of Law
The University of Dayton School of Law