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Affirmative Action - 1970 to 1990

Federal Laws State Laws

Federal Laws

1971 Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
  Griggs v. Duke Power Co.
  Executive Order 11625 - Providing Definition of Minority Business and Apparatus for Collection of Data regarding such firms
1972 Equal Opportunity Act
1974 Equal Educational Opportunities Act
  Housing and Community Development Act
1975 Voting Rights Act
1976 Home Mortgage Disclosure Act
  Equal Credit Opportunity Act
  Runyon v. McCrary
1977 Community Reinvestment Act
  Public Works Employment Act - 10% of federally funded public works contracts set aside for minority business
1978 Regents of the University of California v. Bakke
1980 United Steelworkers of America v. Webber
  Fullilove v. Kluznick
1982 Supreme Court let stand interdistrict transportation of students
  Voting Rights Act extended
  Supreme Court reversed lower court award of $1.2 million to white merchants in Port Gibson, Mississippi in case against NAACP
1983 Holiday honoring Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. established
1984 Firefights Local Union No. 1784 Memphis Tennessee v. Stotts
1986 International Association of Firefights v. City of Cleveland
  New York City v. Sheet Metal Workers Union
1987 United States v. Paradise
  Johnson v. Transportation Agency, Santa Clara, California
1988 Patterson v. McClean Credit Union
1989 Richmond v. Croson Co
  Price Waterhouse v. Hopkins
  Wards Cove Packing Co. v. Atonio
  Martin v. Wilks
1990 Metro Broadcasting v. FCC