Friday, January 28, 2022


Article Index


Annotated Bibliography


Statute (Federal/State)

42 U.S.C § 2000 (1964). (Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964)

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 specifically provides protection for those who seek assistance and benefits from a federally funded assistance. Under this statute, “[n]o person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” This statute is particularly relevant to the topic of this paper because this paper makes the argument that African Americans are excluded from receiving welfare assistance on the basis of race. Although this exclusion does not appear to be intentional or blatant as it covered up by various welfare reforms, African Americans are by far the only racial group that is significantly disparately impacted by the welfare system.

Unlawful Discriminatory Practices, ORC § 4112.02 (2012)

            This statute is particularly important because prohibits unlawful discrimination on every level in society such as employment, receiving financial assistance, selling and buying, public materials, landlord- tenant relationship, refusing to make accommodations for people with disabilities, etc. This statute even goes as far to prohibit discrimination on the basis of substance abuse. Overall, this statute attempts to address every instance where discrimination may arise when a person may be denied services or opportunities of any kind due to their race, color, or national origin. As with the other laws and statutes that prohibit discrimination on the basis of the protected grounds, this statute only addresses the overt discriminatory acts. Given the broad nature of this statute, it is relevant to the topic of this paper because it addresses all unlawful discriminatory acts regardless of whether the person is a welfare recipient. Thus, under this statute a person who is discriminated against in any way receives protection under the law.


Discrimination Prohibited, 28 C.F.R. §42.104 (1964)

This regulation prohibits a person from being excluded from participating in programs that provide benefits or services or even being denied benefits or services under federally assisted programs. Under this regulation, a person cannot be denied services or excluded from participation on the basis of any of the prohibited grounds such as race, color, or national origin. Also, a person cannot be subjected to discrimination on any of the protected grounds. This regulation outlines the specific discriminatory actions that are prohibited such as denying an individual any disposition, service, financial aid, or benefit under the program; provide any disposition, service, financial aid, or benefit to an individual which is different, or is provided in a different manner from that provided to others under the program; or treat an individual differently from others in determining whether he or she satisfies any admission, enrollment, quota, eligibility, membership, or other requirement or condition which individuals must meet in order to be provided any disposition, service, financial aid, function or benefit provided under the program. This regulation enforces the provisions under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and provides a detailed description of what the rules require.  Furthermore, this regulation is relevant to the present topic because it essentially prohibits any sort of overt discrimination towards people who rely on welfare programs. Overt discrimination is a factor that keeps welfare recipients dependent on its services because they do not get the assistance they need. Therefore, regardless of cultural or racial background a person is guaranteed to background recipients under welfare programs are guaranteed assistance.