Tuesday, November 19, 2019

 RacismLogo02

 

 

 Race Relations in the United States (2002) Survey 2002 (n=1695)

Vernellia R. Randall
The University of Dayton

In your view, are racial minorities in the United States today routinely discriminated against?
How serious a problem do you think racial discrimination is:  where you live? at your place of employment or school?  in the practice of law?  in the administration of justice?
Do you think that relations between racial minorities and whites will always be a problem for the United States or that a solution will eventually be worked out?
How do you think  white people feel about minorities? minorities feel about white people?
Who do you think is more responsible for poor status of race relations in America?
On the whole, do you think most white people want to see minorities get a better break, or do they want to keep minorities down or don't you think they care either way?
Over the last 10 years, how has the quality of life changed for minorities?
What do you think about racial minorities  chances for good employment? chances of getting a good education? chances of being stopped by a police officer? chances of being imprisoned?
As you may have heard, a number of black churches have been destroyed by fire in the United States over the last few years. 
Demographics

 

In your view, are racial minorities in the United States today routinely discriminated against?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Yes

93.0%

79.0%

82.9%

73.4%

85.0%

78.2%

72.4

79.4%

80.5%

89.2%

87.6%

77.2%

85.6%

81.2%

78.6%

No

4.7%

16.4%

13.2%

19.3%

10.8%

17.6%

23.2

13.6%

15.8%

9.9%

9.4%

17.7%

11.5%

14.5%

15.5%

No Opinion

2.2%

4.6%

3.9%

7.2%

4.2%

4.3%

9.4

7.0%

3.8%

1.0%

2.9%

5.1%

2.8%

4.3%

6.0%

 

 

How serious a problem do you think racial discrimination is where you live? 

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Very Serious

51.8%

24.8%

19.7%

16.4%

31.8%

31.4%

22.0

16.2%

33.9%

49.8%

34.8%

31.7%

38.2%

27.4%

23.5%

Somewhat Serious

29.1%

35.7%

39.5%

39.1%

34.9%

33.2%

34.2

35.2%

36.1%

30.0%

33.1%

34.9%

32.6%

36.0%

48.2%

Not too Serious

16.0%

27.1%

28.9%

33.3%

26.1%

21.5%

25.4

35.2%

21.9%

13.7%

21.3%

22.5%

21.2%

29.3%

18.8%

Not Serious

2.0%

11.3%

9.2%

8.7%

6.2%

12.1%

16.6

11.3%

7.1%

6.0%

9.2%

9.5%

6.5%

6.5%

8.2%

No Opinion

1.1%

1.0%

2.6%

2.4%

.9%

1.8%

1.7

2.1%

1.0%

.5%

1.6%

1.3%

1.4%

.8%

1.2%

 

 

How serious a problem do you think racial discrimination is at your place of employment or school? 

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Very Serious

36.4%

14.1%

11.8%

14.4%

20.5%

21.7%

14.9%

12.9%

22.1%

30.4%

24.5%

23.9%

22.2%

18.4%

14.3%

Somewhat Serious

31.2%

25.9%

25.0%

15.9%

27.6%

23.3%

20.9%

24.4%

25.0%

29.0%

25.2%

21.0%

29.8%

25.3%

28.6%

Not too Serious

15.1%

26.3%

36.8%

27.9%

24.7%

21.7%

23.6%

29.5%

21.6%

18.4%

21.9%

22.6%

21.6%

29.6%

17.9%

Not Serious

14.2%

31.2%

23.7%

38.5%

25.4%

29.3%

36.5%

31.1%

29.3%

17.6%

25.8%

29.3%

24.4%

24.8%

31.0%

No Opinion

3.1%

2.4%

2.6%

3.4%

1.9%

4.1%

4.1%

2.0%

2.1%

4.6%

2.6%

3.2%

2.0%

1.9%

8.3%

 

 

 

How serious is racial discrimination in the practice of Law?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Very Serious

75.8%

44.6%

44.6%

31.7%

53.9%

49.6%

38.9%

37.2%

55.2%

69.6%

61.8%

45.9%

57.2%

52.7%

44.7%

Somewhat Serious

17.2%

27.2%

25.7%

33.7%

28.2%

19.4%

19.9%

32.3%

23.0%

17.3%

22.7%

25.6%

21.4%

22.8%

27.1%

Not too Serious

2.7%

12.4%

17.6%

14.4%

8.7%

12.1%

15.9%

15.7%

7.9%

4.8%

6.3%

11.4%

9.6%

10.2%

14.1%

Not Serious

1.8%

10.1%

6.8%

12.0%

4.3%

13.9%

19.9%

8.0%

9.8%

4.8%

6.9%

11.4%

6.8%

7.3%

7.1%

No Opinion

2.5%

5.7%

5.4%

8.2%

4.9%

5.2%

5.4%

6.8%

4.1%

3.4%

2.3%

5.7%

5.1%

7.0%

7.1%

 

 

 

How serious a problem do you think racial discrimination is in the administration of justice?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Very Serious

81.7%

50.7%

50.7%

33.8%

58.7%

56.2%

44.8%

40.3%

61.0%

78.0%

66.0%

54.3%

60.5%

57.5%

45.9%

Somewhat Serious

11.9%

5.6%

26.7%

30.9%

23.5%

20.2%

24.9%

31.5%

20.4%

11.4%

20.6%

18.9%

20.3%

24.9%

29.4%

Not too Serious

3.1%

8.6%

13.3%

17.4%

8.0%

8.5%

10.4%

11.7%

7.9%

4.1%

4.2%

8.2%

9.3%

7.0%

12.9%

Not Serious

2.5%

10.2%

5.3%

13.5%

5.7%

12.8%

16.8%

10.2%

8.2%

5.3%

6.2%

14.2%

6.8%

7.2%

5.9%

No Opinion

.9%

4.9%

4.0%

4.3%

4.2%

2.3%

3.0%

6.3%

2.4%

1.2%

2.9%

4.4%

3.1%

3.5%

5.9%

 

 

How serious a problem do you think racial discrimination is in health care?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Very Serious

59.9%

30.7%

19.5%

22.4%

38.3%

36.3%

26.7%

21.7%

41.7%

52.8%

47.9%

32.1%

40.3%

37.9%

30.2%

Somewhat Serious

24.0%

28.9%

34.1%

26.3%

30.1%

22.9%

19.5%

32.7%

25.3%

23.0%

24.7%

25.0%

28.8%

29.1%

28.6%

Not too Serious

9.1%

13.2%

26.8%

25.0%

13.7%

14.4%

15.9%

19.2%

12.9%

9.2%

9.3%

15.6%

14.4%

13.4%

20.6%

Not Serious

4.2%

17.4%

14.6%

17.8%

10.2%

20.0%

28.7%

15.9%

13.9%

10.3%

13.4%

17.0%

9.7%

12.6%

12.7%

No Opinion

2.8%

9.8%

4.9%

8.6%

7.7%

6.4%

9.2%

10.5%

6.2%

4.6%

4.6%

10.3%

6.8%

6.9%

7.9%

 

 

Do you think that relations between racial minorities and whites will always be a problem for the United States or that a solution will eventually be worked out? 

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Will eventually be worked out

23.4%

40.2%

30.1%

33.9%

32.8%

36.4%

39.4%

33.8%

31.5%

36.8%

35.6%

31.7%

29.8%

32.9%

31.3%

Will always be a problem

76.6%

59.8%

69.9%

66.1%

67.2%

63.6%

60.6%

66.2%

68.5%

63.2%

64.4%

68.3%

70.2%

67.1%

68.8%

 

 

How do you think white people in the United States feel about minorities?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Almost all white people dislike minorities

14.6%

7.2%

9.2%

6.3%

7.9%

11.7%

10.8%

4.8%

10.7%

14.3%

10.2%

10.2%

8.8%

11.3%

9.5%

Many white people dislike minorities

64.6%

51.9%

44.7%

49.0%

56.0%

53.4%

46.8%

47.6%

54.1%

66.3%

56.7%

52.2%

55.3%

53.1%

61.9%

Only a few white people dislike minorities

18.5%

35.3%

34.2%

36.9%

30.3%

30.9%

38.0%

40.0%

30.6%

17.0%

28.9%

32.2%

29.9%

31.1%

22.6%

No Opinion

2.3%

5.5%

11.8%

7.8%

5.8%

4.1%

4.4%

7.7%

4.7%

2.4%

4.3%

5.4%

6.0%

4.6%

6.0%

 

 

How do you think minorities in the United States feel about white people?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19  Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Almost all minorities dislike whites

5.7%

9.3%

1.4%

10.2%

5.9%

12.3%

13.4%

7.7%

9.3%

7.8%

8.3%

8.3%

8.2%

9.9%

8.2%

Many minorities dislike whites

65.3%

56.0%

58.1%

55.1%

59.9%

56.1%

52.7%

52.0%

58.8%

66.0%

62.1%

56.4%

63.4%

55.5%

61.2%

Only a few minorities dislike whites

25.9%

27.6%

33.8%

23.9%

27.1%

26.6%

28.2%

30.8%

26.5%

23.0%

24.3%

28.3%

21.9%

28.7%

25.9%

No opinion

3.2%

7.1%

6.8%

10.7%

7.0%

5.0%

5.7%

9.5%

5.4%

3.2%

5.3%

7.0%

6.5%

5.9%

4.7%

 

 

Who do you think is more responsible for poor status of race relations in America?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color 

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Whites mostly responsible

50.2%

31.1%

42.1%

16.5%

33.8%

39.4%

31.8%

26.3%

34.7%

51.5%

42.6%

32.3%

33.3%

35.0%

32.9%

Minorities mostly responsible

4.1%

8.3%

9.2%

9.2%

4.8%

11.2%

14.7%

6.9%

8.5%

5.8%

5.3%

10.9%

7.3%

7.2%

7.1%

Both responsible

41.2%

50.9%

39.5%

60.2%

52.2%

41.7%

44.8%

55.4%

48.9%

37.1%

45.2%

47.6%

52.8%

47.6%

48.2%

Neither responsible

2.7%

6.5%

5.3%

6.8%

5.3%

5.3%

6.4%

5.9%

5.0%

4.4%

4.3%

5.1%

3.1%

7.2%

7.1%

No Opinion

1.8%

3.2%

3.9%

7.3%

3.9%

2.5%

2.3%

5.4%

2.9%

1.2%

2.6%

4.2%

3.4%

2.9%

4.7%

 

 

On the whole, do you think most white people want to see minorities get a better break, or do they want to keep minorities down or don't you think they care either way?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Minorities to Get a Better Break

8.9%

25.5%

15.2%

25.3%

19.6%

20.3%

26.5%

26.9%

15.5%

16.4%

17.1%

19.4%

22.0%

18.0%

15.6%

To Keep Minorities Down

55.7%

34.7%

45.5%

29.2%

42.5%

38.7%

30.1%

33.2%

44.7%

46.0%

43.1%

39.4%

40.1%

45.2%

39.0%

Don't Care Either Way

35.4%

39.8%

39.4%

45.5%

37.9%

41.0%

43.4%

39.9%

39.8%

37.6%

39.9%

41.2%

37.9%

36.8%

45.5%

 

 

Over the last 10 years, how has the quality of life changed for minorities?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19  Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

Has gotten better

34.5%

54.0%

57.3%

57.8%

50.0%

47.3%

50.5%

59.8%

47.5%

36.6%

42.5%

51.9%

51.8%

45.3%

55.3%

Has gotten worst

28.6%

10.3%

12.0%

9.3%

14.2%

18.0%

13.1%

7.0%

15.5%

27.8%

18.3%

12.1%

15.0%

17.7%

18.8%

Has stayed about the same

35.4%

30.9%

28.0%

27.0%

32.0%

30.7%

30.6%

27.1%

34.0%

33.7%

36.2%

31.8%

30.3%

32.7%

17.6%

No opinion

1.6%

4.8%

2.7%

5.9%

3.8%

3.9%

5.7%

6.2%

2.9%

1.9%

3.0%

4.1%

2.8%

4.3%

8.2%

 

 

What do you think of racial minorities chances of getting a good education?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

A Better Chance than Whites

1.6%

8.0%

2.6%

12.7%

5.1%

9.1%

17.2%

7.9%

6.7%

4.4%

3.7%

7.0%

7.1%

8.6%

9.5%

As Good a Chance as Whites

20.0%

34.5%

48.7%

49.3%

34.8%

29.3%

24.2%

45.0%

30.5%

19.4%

28.3%

39.6%

31.2%

29.1%

33.3%

Not as Good a Chance as Whites

76.8%

54.9%

46.1%

34.1%

57.1%

59.7%

54.9%

43.4%

61.4%

74.2%

66.7%

50.5%

59.8%

59.6%

50.0%

No Opinion

1.6%

2.7%

2.6%

3.9%

2.9%

2.0%

3.7%

3.8%

1.4%

2.0%

1.3%

2.9%

2.0%

2.7%

7.1%

 

 

What do you think of racial minorities chances of getting good employment?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

A Better Chance than Whites

2.0%

10.7%

10.5%

17.6%

7.0%

13.0%

17.2%

11.4%

9.7%

5.1%

7.6%

6.3%

9.9%

11.5%

18.1%

As Good a Chance as Whites

6.3%

23.6%

19.7%

33.2%

20.5%

16.9%

24.2%

27.8%

18.2%

9.2%

13.9%

28.3%

18.8%

15.8%

13.3%

Not as Good a Chance as Whites

89.8%

61.7%

68.4%

44.4%

69.4%

66.7%

54.9%

55.5%

70.2%

83.9%

74.5%

61.6%

68.8%

69.7%

66.3%

No Opinion

1.8%

4.0%

1.3%

4.9%

3.1%

3.4%

3.7%

5.3%

1.9%

1.7%

4.0%

3.8%

2.6%

2.9%

2.4%

 

 

What do you think of racial minorities chances of getting quality health care?

 

Black

White

Other People  of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to  39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

A Better Chance than Whites

2.2%

4.0%

 

9.8%

4.4%

4.1%

4.7

6.1%

4.1%

2.2%

4.9%

5.0%

1.9%

5.0%

12.3%

As Good a Chance as Whites

12.5%

29.5%

36.8%

48.5%

27.4%

26.3%

33.1

39.3%

24.6%

16.1%

23.5%

34.7%

23.4%

20.8%

31.6%

Not as Good a Chance as Whites

85.3%

66.5%

63.2%

41.7%

68.2%

69.6%

62.2

54.6%

71.3%

81.8%

71.6%

60.4%

74.8%

74.2%

56.1%

No Opinion

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

         

 

 

What do you think of racial minorities chances of getting stopped by the police?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

A Better Chance than Whites

88.0%

79.0%

69.7%

64.5%

80.3%

78.6%

76.1

72.0%

81.8%

87.2%

85.4%

76.5%

78.5%

81.9%

75.0%

As Good a Chance as Whites

5.7%

12.5%

14.5%

26.1%

11.2%

13.8%

16.8

18.4%

10.2%

7.0%

7.0%

16.5%

15.3%

9.2%

10.7%

Not as Good a Chance as Whites

5.4%

5.7%

9.2%

3.4%

5.3%

5.4%

4.4

6.0%

5.2%

3.9%

5.0%

2.9%

4.2%

7.0%

9.5%

No Opinion

.9%

2.8%

6.6%

5.9%

3.1%

2.3%

2.7

3.6%

2.8%

1.9%

2.7%

4.1%

2.0%

1.9%

4.8%

 

 

What do you think of racial minorities chances of being imprisoned?

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

A Better Chance than Whites

90.7%

71.2%

68.0%

57.1%

75.0%

75.8%

70.2

62.4%

79.2%

87.4%

80.9%

73.1%

77.1%

76.8%

74.7%

As Good a Chance as Whites

4.1%

20.0%

13.3%

31.5%

16.4%

16.2%

21.4

26.0%

12.6%

8.5%

12.4%

19.2%

16.7%

13.9%

9.6%

Not as Good a Chance as Whites

4.3%

4.2%

9.3%

3.4%

3.7%

5.3%

4.7

5.3%

4.5%

2.4%

3.7%

1.9%

4.0%

5.9%

6.0%

No Opinion

.9%

4.6%

9.3%

7.9%

4.8%

2.7%

3.7

6.2%

3.6%

1.7%

3.0%

5.8%

2.3%

3.5%

9.6%

 

 

As you may have heard, a number of black churches have been destroyed by fire in the United States over the last few years. What do you think these incidents reflect:

 

Black

White

Other People of Color

Other

Female

Male

White Male

19 Years and Younger

20 to 39 Years old

40 Years and older

East

South

Midwest

West

Other

the fact that American society is basically racist

61.2%

38.2%

46.1%

39.5%

46.6%

43.3%

32.1

42.5%

43.8%

51.9%

49.8%

39.2%

49.2%

43.7%

40.5%

the fact these are isolated incidents that do not reflect on race relation

13.8%

25.1%

19.7%

17.6%

16.3%

27.3%

33.4

17.8%

22.9%

20.9%

15.9%

24.5%

22.6%

19.0%

27.4%

Neither

1.1%

3.1%

3.9%

2.4%

2.2%

3.0%

3.4

2.9%

2.8%

1.5%

3.3%

2.5%

2.8%

2.4%

 

Other opinion

21.2%

29.0%

19.7%

32.7%

29.3%

22.5%

26.0

30.1%

26.6%

22.1%

27.2%

28.7%

21.5%

29.8%

20.2%

No opinion

2.7%

4.6%

10.5%

7.8%

5.5%

3.9%

5.1

6.7%

4.0%

3.6%

3.7%

5.1%

4.0%

5.1%

11.9%

 

Demographics

Race and Ethnicity
 

Frequency

Valid Percent

African or African Descendant

451

28.7

Asian or Asian Descendant

76

4.8

Anglo or Anglo Descendant

514

32.7

Hispanic/Latina(o) or Hispanic/Latina(o) Descendant

155

9.8

Indigenous Person, Indian or Eskimo

42

2.7

Multiracial or Biracial

127

8.1

Other

209

13.3

Total

1574

100.0

Missing Values

121

 
 

1695

 

 

 

Frequency

Valid Percent

People of Color

851

54.1

Anglo

514

32.7

Other

209

13.3

Total

1574

100.0

Missing Values

121

 
 

1695

 

 

Gender

 

Gender

Frequency

Valid Percent

Female

1011

63.9

Male

570

36.1

Total

1581

100.0

Missing Values

114

 
 

1695

 

 

 

Age

 

Age Categories

Frequency

Valid Percent

19 Years and Younger

593

37.1

20 to 39 Years old

588

36.8

40 Years and older

416

26.0

Total

1597

100.0

Missing Values

98

 
 

1695

 

 

 

Age

Frequency

Valid Percent

Less than 15 years old

74

4.6

15 - 20 years old

519

32.5

21 - 25 years old

222

13.9

26 - 30 years old

137

8.6

31 - 34 years old

102

6.4

35 - 40 years old

127

8.0

41 - 45 years old

121

7.6

46 - 50 years old

109

6.8

51 - 55 years old

111

7.0

56 - 60 years old

45

2.8

61 - 65 years old

17

1.1

Older than 65 years old

13

.8

Total

1597

100.0

Missing Values

98

 
 

1695

 

 

State

Regions - State

Frequency

Valid Percent

East

308

22.63

South

318

23.37

Midwest

356

26.16

West

379

27.85

Total

1361

100.0

Missing Values

334

 
 

1695

 

 

 

 

State

Frequency

Valid Percent

 

249

14.7

Alabama

17

1.0

Alaska

8

.5

American Samoa

1

.1

Arizonia

37

2.2

Arkansas

5

.3

California

175

10.3

Colorado

25

1.5

Connecticut

20

1.2

Delaware

5

.3

District of Columbia

10

.6

Florida

83

4.9

Georgia

47

2.8

Hawaii

2

.1

Idaho

14

.8

Illinois

63

3.7

Indiana

45

2.7

Iowa

16

.9

Kansas

18

1.1

Kentucky

19

1.1

Louisiana

11

.6

Maine

4

.2

Maryland

37

2.2

Massachusetts

36

2.1

Michigan

44

2.6

Minnesota

30

1.8

Mississippi

4

.2

Missouri

25

1.5

Montana

3

.2

Nebraska

9

.5

Nevada

13

.8

New Hampshire

4

.2

New Jersey

25

1.5

New Mexico

16

.9

New York

102

6.0

North Carolina

30

1.8

North Dakota

8

.5

Ohio

62

3.7

Oklahoma

15

.9

Oregon

23

1.4

Other Minor Islands

1

.1

Pennsylvania

57

3.4

Rhode Island

3

.2

South Carolina

18

1.1

South Dakota

6

.4

Tennessee

27

1.6

Texas

74

4.4

Utah

12

.7

Vermont

5

.3

Virginia

31

1.8

Washington

52

3.1

West Virginia

20

1.2

Wisconsin

27

1.6

Wyoming

2

.1

Total

1695

100.0

 

Country

 

Regions of the World

Frequency

Valid Percent

Africa

6

.4

Asia

7

.5

Europe

61

4.0

Middle East

4

.3

North America & Carribean

77

5.1

Polar Region

2

.1

Oceania

2

.1

South & Central America

5

.3

United States of America

1345

89.1

Total

1509

100.0

Missing Values

186

 
 

1695

 

 

 

Country

Frequency

Valid Percent

Albania

4

.2

Algeria

4

.2

Angola

3

.2

Antarctica

2

.1

Argentina

1

.1

Australia

10

.6

Bulgaria

1

.1

Burkina Faso

1

.1

Canada

72

4.2

Colombia

2

.1

Cote d'Ivoire

1

.1

Czech Republic

1

.1

Denmark

1

.1

El Salvador

1

.1

England

6

.4

France

1

.1

Germany

7

.4

Great Britain

1

.1

Guyana

1

.1

Haiti

1

.1

Italy

3

.2

Jamaica

1

.1

Japan

4

.2

Korea (South)

1

.1

Malawi

1

.1

Malaysia

1

.1

Mali

1

.1

Mexico

2

.1

Netherlands

2

.1

Nicaragua

1

.1

Norway

1

.1

Pakistan

1

.1

Philippines

1

.1

Phillipines

1

.1

Poland

1

.1

Russia

1

.1

Saint Lucia

1

.1

Scotland

3

.2

Select One

176

10.4

Turkey

1

.1

United Kingdom

27

1.6

United States of America

1335

78.8

Uruguay

1

.1

Uzbekistan

1

.1

Vatican City State

1

.1

Virgin Islands (British)

3

.2

Western Sahara

1

.1

Yemen

1

.1

Total

1695

100.0

 

 

 

Vernellia R. Randall
Founder and Editor
Professor Emerita of Law
The University of Dayton School of Law

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