This searchable database includes over 7000+ records on legal documents on Descendants of Africans Enslaved in the United States during Legal Apartheid or Jim Crow The time period covered is  1865 through 1963.

 Documents were gathered through an electronic database search using the following search terms:  ((African or black or negro or colored)  in the same sentence with (slave or slavery or enslaved or descendant or "Jim Crow" or Segregation). Last updated 2020.

Dates Total
1865 to 1899 1384
1900 to 1949 2943
1950 to 1963 2778
No Date 207


The documents were not reviewed and may only be tangentially related to the topic. Furthermore, it is possible that an inappropriate article is included in the database. If you think an article is racist, sexist, homophobic, Islamophobic or otherwise inappropriate, please email with the (1) name of the database and (2) the complete name of the article.

This database list records that meet the condition (upon search). Each record includes, at a minimum, title, citation. Some records include summaries.

Document Type Count
Administrative Decisions & Guidance 220
Arbitration Materials 0
Briefs 760
Cases 5459
Expert Materials 0
Jury Verdicts & Settlements 61
Law Review Articles and Other Secondary Sources 703
Legislation (Proposed & Enacted ) 0
Trial Court Documents 2
Trial Court Orders 108

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Go, signup as a patron and then submit your request for the article.