Monday, November 29, 2021

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  Vernellia R. Randall
Co-founder, Racial Justice Now!
Professor Emerita of Law, The University of Dayton School of Law

 For More Information on
Racial Justice Now! and School Discipline:  RJNOhio.org

 

 

 

Goshen Local

IRN 046342

 Grade F
24.8

 

Organization Type Public District
Typology of Public Districts Type 4: Small Town - High Student Poverty & Average Student Population Size

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 2019 Ohio School Discipline Report Card for
Goshen Local (046342)
Numerical
Score
Percentage of Total
Overall Discipline Grade 24.8  
Exclusion Grade 26.7 40%
Subjective Discipline Grade 28.5 25%
Racial Disparity Grade 20 35%

 
The Ohio School Discipline Report card evaluates three components: exclusions, subjective behavior, and racial disparity.

  • Exclusions: Exclusion is the combined rate of out of school suspensions,  expulsions, emergency removal by a hearing officer and removal by district/school personnel. There is also a penalty for any exclusions in pre-kindergarten through 3rd grade and a penalty for excessive exclusions in the 9th grade.
  • Subjective Discipline: When a student is disciplined, the behavior prompting the discipline can be either objective (i.e., weapon on the premises) or subjective (i.e., insubordination). Exclusion for subjective behavior is problematic because subjective standards are more likely to be influenced by explicit and implicit biases. We calculated the subjective behavior grade based on the percentage of exclusions that was for disruptive/disobedient behavior, harassment/intimidation, and unwelcome sexual conduct.  We also had a penalty for exclusions for tardiness.
  • Racial Disparity:  Racial disparity evaluates the difference in exclusion based on race. The expectation is that whatever discipline occurs there is not a racial difference in the district. Racial disparity is  measured by dividing the rate of the racial group with the highest exclusions by the rate of the racial group with the lowest exclusions

For more explanation see the Introduction to the report or the report's discussion of Overall Discipline Grade

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Exclusion Grade for Goshen Local (046342)

A  school district's contribution to the School-to-Prison pipeline is directly related to the number of exclusions. In this report, exclusions are expulsions, out-of-school suspensions, emergency removal by district personnel, and removal by hearing officer.

Every instance of an exclusion disrupts a student's education. Exclusions are particularly problematic for preschool through 3rd grade. It is during these initial years that students lay the foundation for their academic success. Research has shown that suspensions in the 9th grade are also problematic in that even one instance of exclusion significantly increases the likelihood of school dropout. Of course, dropping out is correlated with incarceration. Thus, an exclusion grade is calculated to quantify the extent of the School-to-Prison pipeline problem.

To determine the exclusion grade, first an exclusion grade was calculated, using the following formula:

Overall Exclusion Grade  minus  
(Preschool-3rd Grade Exclusion Penalty +  9th Grade Exclusion Penalty)

 

NOTE:  Some districts, instead of reporting the exact number of discipline occurrences and enrollment numbers, reported: "< 10".  We took that to mean "less than 10" disciplinary occurrences in the particular category.   To calculate a rate, we arbitrarily assigned a value of "3" for all districts that reported "less than 10" in discipline occurrences and assigned a value of "5" for all districts that reported "less than 10" in enrollment.

For more explanation,  see the report's discussion of  Exclusion Grade.


 2019 Ohio School Discipline Report Card for
Goshen Local (046342)

Exclusion Final Grade  26.7
Penalty Overall 13.3  The Exclusion penalty includes 10.3 for preschool to 3rd grade penalty plus 3.1 for 9th grade penalty.
Initial Grade 40  
Exclusions Rate 10 Goshen Local had 10 exclusions for every 100 students.
Pre-school to 3rd Grade Exclusions  
Preschool to 3rd-grade Exclusions Rate 1.8 Goshen Local had 1.8 exclusions for every 100 pre-school through 3rd grade students.
Preschool to 3rd-grade Exclusions Penalty 10.3 Explanation of Preschool to 3rd Grade Penalty
9th Grade Exclusions  
9th Grade Exclusion Rate 20.4 Goshen Local had 20.4 exclusions for every 100 9th grade students.
9th Grade Exclusion Penalty 3.1 Explanation of 9th Grade Penalty

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 Subjective Discipline Grade for  Goshen Local (046342)

The subjective discipline grade is the percent of exclusions based on subjective behavior (that is the number of exclusions based on subjective behavior divided by the total number of exclusions). Exclusions are the combination of expulsions, out-of-school suspensions, Emergency Removal by District Personnel and removal by hearing officers. 

In 2019, the articulated reasons for exclusions fit into four categories: 
(1) Subjective Behavior
(2) Violence to person or property
(3) Drug, Alcohol and Tobacco and
(4) Truancy

Discipline-based on subjective behavior is more likely to be impacted by implicit and explicit racial biases.  Given the significant long term impact of missing school, exclusions from school for subjective behavior should be kept to a minimum.  The subjective discipline exclusion grade was based on the percentage of total discipline occurrence minus a penalty for exclusion for truancy. Suspending someone for Truancy is to continue to impose risks on a vulnerable population.

NOTE:  Some districts, instead of reporting the exact number of discipline occurrences and enrollment numbers, reported: "< 10".  We took that to mean "less than 10" disciplinary occurrences in the particular category.   To calculate a rate, we arbitrarily assigned a value of "3" for all districts that reported "less than 10" in discipline occurrences and assigned a value of "5" for all districts that reported "less than 10" in enrollment.

 

For more explanation,  see the report's discussion of  Subjective Behavior Grade.

2019 Ohio School Discipline Report Card for
Goshen Local (046342)
     
Subjective Behavior Final Grade  28.5
Truancy Penalty 14  This penalty  for Goshen Local is based on 4% of their exclusions being on truancy.
Initial Grade 42.5
   
Subjective Behavior Exclusions Percent 57.5%

This report coded the following as  subjective Behavior:

  • Disobedient/Disruptive Behavior
  • Harassment/Intimidation, and 
  • Unwelcome Sexual Conduct
    At Goshen Local, 57.5% of the exclusions were based on subjective behavior.
Violence Behavior Exclusions Percent 25.6%

Violence Behavior is "Violence to Person or Property". 

This report coded the following as Violence behavior:

  • False alarm/Bomb threats
  • Fighting/Violence
  • Serious Bodily Injury
  • Theft
  • Use/Possession of explosive/incendiary/poison gas
  • Use/Possession of a Gun
  • Use/Possession of weapon other than gun/explosive
  • Vandalism and Firearm Look-a-like
    At Goshen Local, 25.6% of the exclusions were based on violent behavior.
Tobacco, Drugs, Alcohol Exclusions Percent 12.8%

This report coded the following as Tobacco, Drugs, and Alcohol:

  • Use/Possession of alcohol
  • Use/Possession of other drugs and
  • Use/Possession of tobacco
    At Goshen Local, 12.8% of the exclusions were based on tobacco, drugs and alcohol offensives.
     
Truancy Exclusions Percent 4% At Goshen Local, 4% of the exclusions were based on Truancy. 

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Racial Disparity Grade for Goshen Local (046342)

 

The racial disparity grade is based on a determination of how much racial difference there is in the exclusion of students from schools/districts. For each school, a rate per 100 students was calculated for each of the seven racial groups recognized by the State of Ohio: American Indian or Alaskan Native, Asian, Black, Hispanic, Multiracial, Pacific Islander and white.   Then for each school, the racial group with the highest exclusion rate was identified.  A racial disparity ratio was calculated; that is comparing the racial group with the highest exclusion rate to the average exclusion rate for the other racial groups in a particular school.  For more explanation,  see the report's discussion of Racial Disparity Grade.

 

 2019 Ohio School Discipline Report Card
for
Goshen Local
(046342)

Racial Disparity Grade 20
Racial Disparity Ratio 27.3

Pacific Islander students were 27.3 times more likely to be excluded than the average exclusions for all the other racial groups in Goshen Local.    

Number of Different Racial Groups 7
Highest Exclusion Rate 180
Racial Group With Highest Exclusion Rate Pacific Islander
Average Exclusion Rate for Other Racial Groups 6.6

Racial Group  Exclusions per 100 Students Goshen Local had:
American Indian/Native/Eskimo 0 0 exclusions for every 100 American Indian/Native/Eskimo students
Asian  0 0 exclusions for every 100 Asian students.
Black/ African American  15.5 15.5 exclusions for every 100 Black/African American students.
Hispanic/ Latinx  7 7 exclusions for every 100 Hispanic/Latinx students.
Multiracial / Biracial  7.2 7.2 exclusions  for every 100  Multiracial/Biracial students.
Pacific Island  300 300 exclusions for every 100 Pacific Island students.
White  9.9 9.9 exclusions for every 100 White students.

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Contact  and Other Information
for Goshen Local
(046342)

The information posted below is taken from the Ohio Educational Directory System (OEDS).  It has not been updated and it may no longer be accurate.  You should check the Districts website or Ohio Educational Directory System (OEDS) https://oeds.ode.state.oh.us/SearchOrg (Last Visited: June 25, 2019)

 

Superintendent Name Darrell Edwards  

Address

6694 Goshen Rd, Goshen, Ohio, 45122

City

Goshen

County

Clermont

Organization Phone

(513) 722-2222

Organization Email Address:

edwardsd@goshenlocalschools.org

 Organization Fax

(513) 722-3767

Superintendent Phone

(513) 722-2225
 Superintendent Email Address
 edwardsd@goshenlocalschools.org
Website Address

http://www.goshenlocalschools.org/ 

       
Organizational Type Public District
 Typology of Public Districts: Type 4: Small Town - High Student Poverty & Average Student Population Size

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 For More Information on
Racial Justice Now! and School Discipline:  RJNOhio.org


For information about this specific report contact Professor Vernellia R. Randall

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