Sunday, November 28, 2021

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  Vernellia R. Randall
Co-founder, Racial Justice Now!
Professor Emerita of Law, The University of Dayton School of Law

 For More Information on
Racial Justice Now! and School Discipline:  RJNOhio.org

 

 

 

Richard Allen Preparatory

IRN 133348

 Grade F
38.9

 

Organization Type Community (Charter) School
Typology of Public Districts Not Applicable

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 2019 Ohio School Discipline Report Card for
Richard Allen Preparatory (133348)
Numerical
Score
Percentage of Total
Overall Discipline Grade 38.9  
Exclusion Grade 38.9 40%
Subjective Discipline Grade 37.5 25%
Racial Disparity Grade 40 35%

 
The Ohio School Discipline Report card evaluates three components: exclusions, subjective behavior, and racial disparity.

  • Exclusions: Exclusion is the combined rate of out of school suspensions,  expulsions, emergency removal by a hearing officer and removal by district/school personnel. There is also a penalty for any exclusions in pre-kindergarten through 3rd grade and a penalty for excessive exclusions in the 9th grade.
  • Subjective Discipline: When a student is disciplined, the behavior prompting the discipline can be either objective (i.e., weapon on the premises) or subjective (i.e., insubordination). Exclusion for subjective behavior is problematic because subjective standards are more likely to be influenced by explicit and implicit biases. We calculated the subjective behavior grade based on the percentage of exclusions that was for disruptive/disobedient behavior, harassment/intimidation, and unwelcome sexual conduct.  We also had a penalty for exclusions for tardiness.
  • Racial Disparity:  Racial disparity evaluates the difference in exclusion based on race. The expectation is that whatever discipline occurs there is not a racial difference in the district. Racial disparity is  measured by dividing the rate of the racial group with the highest exclusions by the rate of the racial group with the lowest exclusions

For more explanation see the Introduction to the report or the report's discussion of Overall Discipline Grade

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Exclusion Grade for Richard Allen Preparatory (133348)

A  school district's contribution to the School-to-Prison pipeline is directly related to the number of exclusions. In this report, exclusions are expulsions, out-of-school suspensions, emergency removal by district personnel, and removal by hearing officer.

Every instance of an exclusion disrupts a student's education. Exclusions are particularly problematic for preschool through 3rd grade. It is during these initial years that students lay the foundation for their academic success. Research has shown that suspensions in the 9th grade are also problematic in that even one instance of exclusion significantly increases the likelihood of school dropout. Of course, dropping out is correlated with incarceration. Thus, an exclusion grade is calculated to quantify the extent of the School-to-Prison pipeline problem.

To determine the exclusion grade, first an exclusion grade was calculated, using the following formula:

Overall Exclusion Grade  minus  
(Preschool-3rd Grade Exclusion Penalty +  9th Grade Exclusion Penalty)

 

NOTE:  Some districts, instead of reporting the exact number of discipline occurrences and enrollment numbers, reported: "< 10".  We took that to mean "less than 10" disciplinary occurrences in the particular category.   To calculate a rate, we arbitrarily assigned a value of "3" for all districts that reported "less than 10" in discipline occurrences and assigned a value of "5" for all districts that reported "less than 10" in enrollment.

For more explanation,  see the report's discussion of  Exclusion Grade.


 2019 Ohio School Discipline Report Card for
Richard Allen Preparatory (133348)

Exclusion Final Grade  38.9
Penalty Overall 11.1  The Exclusion penalty includes 11.1 for preschool to 3rd grade penalty plus 0 for 9th grade penalty.
Initial Grade 50  
Exclusions Rate 6.8 Richard Allen Preparatory had 6.8 exclusions for every 100 students.
Pre-school to 3rd Grade Exclusions  
Preschool to 3rd-grade Exclusions Rate 7.3 Richard Allen Preparatory had 7.3 exclusions for every 100 pre-school through 3rd grade students.
Preschool to 3rd-grade Exclusions Penalty 11.1 Explanation of Preschool to 3rd Grade Penalty
9th Grade Exclusions  
9th Grade Exclusion Rate Richard Allen Preparatory had exclusions for every 100 9th grade students.
9th Grade Exclusion Penalty 0 Explanation of 9th Grade Penalty

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 Subjective Discipline Grade for  Richard Allen Preparatory (133348)

The subjective discipline grade is the percent of exclusions based on subjective behavior (that is the number of exclusions based on subjective behavior divided by the total number of exclusions). Exclusions are the combination of expulsions, out-of-school suspensions, Emergency Removal by District Personnel and removal by hearing officers. 

In 2019, the articulated reasons for exclusions fit into four categories: 
(1) Subjective Behavior
(2) Violence to person or property
(3) Drug, Alcohol and Tobacco and
(4) Truancy

Discipline-based on subjective behavior is more likely to be impacted by implicit and explicit racial biases.  Given the significant long term impact of missing school, exclusions from school for subjective behavior should be kept to a minimum.  The subjective discipline exclusion grade was based on the percentage of total discipline occurrence minus a penalty for exclusion for truancy. Suspending someone for Truancy is to continue to impose risks on a vulnerable population.

NOTE:  Some districts, instead of reporting the exact number of discipline occurrences and enrollment numbers, reported: "< 10".  We took that to mean "less than 10" disciplinary occurrences in the particular category.   To calculate a rate, we arbitrarily assigned a value of "3" for all districts that reported "less than 10" in discipline occurrences and assigned a value of "5" for all districts that reported "less than 10" in enrollment.

 

For more explanation,  see the report's discussion of  Subjective Behavior Grade.

2019 Ohio School Discipline Report Card for
Richard Allen Preparatory (133348)
     
Subjective Behavior Final Grade  37.5
Truancy Penalty 0  This penalty  for Richard Allen Preparatory is based on 0% of their exclusions being on truancy.
Initial Grade 37.5
   
Subjective Behavior Exclusions Percent 62.5%

This report coded the following as  subjective Behavior:

  • Disobedient/Disruptive Behavior
  • Harassment/Intimidation, and 
  • Unwelcome Sexual Conduct
    At Richard Allen Preparatory, 62.5% of the exclusions were based on subjective behavior.
Violence Behavior Exclusions Percent 37.5%

Violence Behavior is "Violence to Person or Property". 

This report coded the following as Violence behavior:

  • False alarm/Bomb threats
  • Fighting/Violence
  • Serious Bodily Injury
  • Theft
  • Use/Possession of explosive/incendiary/poison gas
  • Use/Possession of a Gun
  • Use/Possession of weapon other than gun/explosive
  • Vandalism and Firearm Look-a-like
    At Richard Allen Preparatory, 37.5% of the exclusions were based on violent behavior.
Tobacco, Drugs, Alcohol Exclusions Percent 0%

This report coded the following as Tobacco, Drugs, and Alcohol:

  • Use/Possession of alcohol
  • Use/Possession of other drugs and
  • Use/Possession of tobacco
    At Richard Allen Preparatory, 0% of the exclusions were based on tobacco, drugs and alcohol offensives.
     
Truancy Exclusions Percent 0% At Richard Allen Preparatory, 0% of the exclusions were based on Truancy. 

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Racial Disparity Grade for Richard Allen Preparatory (133348)

 

The racial disparity grade is based on a determination of how much racial difference there is in the exclusion of students from schools/districts. For each school, a rate per 100 students was calculated for each of the seven racial groups recognized by the State of Ohio: American Indian or Alaskan Native, Asian, Black, Hispanic, Multiracial, Pacific Islander and white.   Then for each school, the racial group with the highest exclusion rate was identified.  A racial disparity ratio was calculated; that is comparing the racial group with the highest exclusion rate to the average exclusion rate for the other racial groups in a particular school.  For more explanation,  see the report's discussion of Racial Disparity Grade.

 

 2019 Ohio School Discipline Report Card
for
Richard Allen Preparatory
(133348)

Racial Disparity Grade 40
Racial Disparity Ratio 7.5

Black students were 7.5 times more likely to be excluded than the average exclusions for all the other racial groups in Richard Allen Preparatory.    

Number of Different Racial Groups 3
Highest Exclusion Rate 7.5
Racial Group With Highest Exclusion Rate Black
Average Exclusion Rate for Other Racial Groups 0

Racial Group  Exclusions per 100 Students Richard Allen Preparatory had:
American Indian/Native/Eskimo exclusions for every 100 American Indian/Native/Eskimo students
Asian exclusions for every 100 Asian students.
Black/ African American  7.5 7.5 exclusions for every 100 Black/African American students.
Hispanic/ Latinx  0 0 exclusions for every 100 Hispanic/Latinx students.
Multiracial / Biracial exclusions  for every 100  Multiracial/Biracial students.
Pacific Island exclusions for every 100 Pacific Island students.
White  0 0 exclusions for every 100 White students.

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Contact  and Other Information
for Richard Allen Preparatory
(133348)

The information posted below is taken from the Ohio Educational Directory System (OEDS).  It has not been updated and it may no longer be accurate.  You should check the Districts website or Ohio Educational Directory System (OEDS) https://oeds.ode.state.oh.us/SearchOrg (Last Visited: June 25, 2019)

 

Superintendent Name Michelle Thomas  

Address

184 Salem Ave, Dayton, Ohio, 45406

City

Dayton

County

Montgomery

Organization Phone

(937) 951-2800

Organization Email Address:

gbillingsley@richardallenschools.com

 Organization Fax

(937) 951-2936

Superintendent Phone

(937) 422-9577
 Superintendent Email Address
 mthomas@richardallenschools.com
Website Address

www.richardallenschools.com 

       
Organizational Type Community (Charter) School
 Typology of Public Districts: Not Applicable

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 For More Information on
Racial Justice Now! and School Discipline:  RJNOhio.org


For information about this specific report contact Professor Vernellia R. Randall

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