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2021 The Whitest Law School Rankings


The Whiteness of a law school is based on its Total Whiteness score, Excess Whiteness over LSAC applicant pool, and Excess Whiteness over state population. The higher the score, the more inappropriately White the school. Total Whiteness is the percentage of White students in first-year enrollment for 2017-2019. We counted all Hispanic students as nonwhite. We counted students with race unknown as White. 

Excess Whiteness is based on the percentage of White students in the school compared to the LSAC applicant pool. The LSAC applicant pool was a sum of the excess Whiteness in the national LSAC pool, the regional, and the state LSAC pool. The higher the number, the more the number of White students in the school exceeds the available LSAC pool. The final component is the excess based on the state population. Schools have a responsibility to serve their state's legal requirements. The higher the number, the more schools are not serving their own racially diverse state.

TWLS 022021 overviewThere are 200 law schools in this report. The overall score ranged from 0 to 129. Half of the schools scored more than 44 points. The average score was 46 points. The overall score is the sum of the Total Whiteness Score and Excess Whiteness Score.

Total Whiteness ranged from 0 to 92. The average score was 67 and half of the scores were above 71.

Excess Whiteness scores ranged from 0 to 113. The average Excess Whiteness was 29 and half of the schools had average scores below 32. In all scores, the higher the number the Whiter the school.






 The Whitest Law Schools
and The Least White Law Schools


 Whitest LeastWhite





  • The nine non-historically White schools were statistically significantly less White than the historically White law schools (p=.000).

  • Public law schools (49) were Whiter than private law schools (43) but the difference was not statistically significant (p=.131).

  • The law school rankings can be divided into four tiers. Those tiers, in theory, represent the relative quality and status of a law school. The level of Whiteness is significantly correlated to tier. Second-tier law schools (55) are Whiter than fourth-tier law schools (34). The difference was statistically significant (p=.001).

  • The law schools are located in 49 of the 50 states, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia. (Alaska is the only state with no law school.) Based on total whiteness and excess whiteness, Alabama and South Carolina (90) had the whitest law schools and Puerto Rico (3) had the least white law school. The difference among states was not statistically significant (p=.147).

  • The ABA-LSAC divides the country into 10 regions. The region made a difference in law schools' Whiteness. Based on total whiteness and excess whiteness, New England had the least white law school (32) and Midsouth Region had the whitest (56). The difference was statistically significant (p=.028).





Charts and Tables 




 TWLS 022021 a 




2021 Rankings Database



This database includes all 200 schools.
It can be sorted by columns and searched. 
Click on a row for more detailed information.

 Legend: TWLS The Whitest Law School; EW Excess Whiteness; TW Total Whiteness; FY First Year;  LSAC Law School Admission Council; Pop Population.

Vernellia R. Randall
Founder and Editor
Professor Emerita of Law
The University of Dayton School of Law